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How to Show bmp's in Turbo c++ 3.00

Posted on 1998-11-26
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
How Can we View *.bmp Files in c++ program ? i'm using
turbo c++ 3.00 for dos.
thanx.
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Question by:nitin_kumars
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harrys earned 100 total points
ID: 1178662
This sample should give you enough information to do what you want, it could only display uncompressed 256color bitmaps and assumes and videomode with 256colors (eg mode 0x13 or vesa 0x101..) and it doesn't set the palette ...

typedef struct {
            char bfType[2];
            unsigned long int  bfSize;
            unsigned short int reserved1;
            unsigned short int reserved2;
            unsigned long int bfoffbits;
             } bitmapfileheader_t;

typedef struct {
            unsigned long int biSize;
            unsigned long int biWidth;
            unsigned long int biHeight;
            unsigned short int biPlanes;
            unsigned short int biBitCount;
            unsigned long int biCompression;
            unsigned long int biSizeImage;
            unsigned long int biXPelsPerMeter;
            unsigned long int biYPelsPerMeter;
            unsigned long int biClrUsed;
            unsigned long int biClrImportant;
            } bitmapinfoheader_t;

typedef struct {
            bitmapinfoheader_t bmiheader;
            } bitmapinfo_t;

typedef struct {
      unsigned char b, g, r, reserved;
       } rgbquad_t;

void displaybmp(char *name,int x, int y)
{

 bitmapfileheader_t header;
 bitmapinfoheader_t bmi;
 FILE           *hnd;
 rgbquad_t      *palette;
 char           *buffer;
 char             *linebuffer;
 int i,sizex,sizey;

 hnd=fopen(name,"rb");
 if (hnd==NULL) {
     return;
     }

 fread(&header,1,sizeof(header),hnd);
 if (strncmp(header.bfType,"BM",2)!=0) {
    printf("not a bitmap\n");
    fclose(hnd);
    return;
    }


 fread(&bmi,1,sizeof(bmi),hnd);

 if (bmi.biBitCount!=8) {
    printf("unsupported bitmap depth\n");
    fclose(hnd);
    return;
    }


 sizex=bmi.biWidth;
 sizey=bmi.biHeight;

 linebuffer = malloc(sizex+sizeof(short int )*2 +1);
 if (!linebuffer)
     return;

 *((int *)linebuffer)=sizex-1;
 *(((int *)linebuffer)+1)=0;
 buffer = linebuffer+4;

 palette = malloc(sizeof(rgbquad_t)*256+1);
 fread(palette,sizeof(rgbquad_t)*256,1,hnd);

 y = y + sizey-1;
 fseek(hnd,header.bfoffbits,SEEK_SET);
 switch (bmi.biCompression) {
 case 0: // uncompressed
       for (i=0;i<sizey;i++) {
       fread(buffer,1,sizex,hnd);
       if (sizex % 4) {
          fseek(hnd,4 - (sizex % 4),SEEK_CUR);
          }
       putimage(x,y,linebuffer,COPY_PUT);
       y--;
       buffer=linebuffer+4;
       }
       break;
 case 1: // RLE8
       break;
 case 2: // RLE4
       break;
 default:
      printf("compression type %d \n",bmi.biCompression);
      break;
 }

 fclose(hnd);
 return;
}

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