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Clearing the Screen

Posted on 1998-12-03
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
I have a program in c++ using dos windows.  I would like to know the syntax of clearing the screen between my menus.  I believe I have to use the dos.h, but do not know the code for doing this.          
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Question by:macro091998
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trillo earned 50 total points
ID: 1179170
use the clrscr function defined in conio.h

#include <conio.h>
void clrscr(void);

Trillo
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by:macro091998
ID: 1179171
I tried using conio.h and the function void clrscr(void).  It compiled alright, but it would not link.  It had two errors:  Sales array.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol "void __cdecl clrscr(void)" (?clrscr@@YAXXZ), and Debug/CPP_CLASS.exe : fatal error LNK1120: 1 unresolved externals

It stops linking at the function call.  I also think conio.h is a Borland library function.  I'm using Visual C++ 6.0  If you now something that could help me, let me know...
       
THANKS
Macro

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by:trillo
ID: 1179172
Hmmm..... you're right, that's Borland's.... I've looked around and I came to the conclusion that Microsoft doesn't have anything equivalent for clrscr().
You could try using the "system" function, (I think it's defined in <stdlib.h>) and passing the "cls" DOS command...

{
   ...
   system("cls");
   ...
}

Not very good, huh? (At least not as good as clrscr), but it may be a soultion..

Trillo
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Expert Comment

by:nietod
ID: 1179173
The problem is that your are not writing a DOS program.  VC 6 does not support DOS.  (VC 2 and later don't support DOS).

You are writting a win 32 console program.  This is a windows program (it can have windows like any other) but by default starts with a console window that displays text like a DOS program does.  (However, it can do much more.)  I recomend you look up console programs in the docs to see that it is that you really are workign woth.
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by:nietod
ID: 1179174
To get started, look up "Consoles and Character Mode Supprt"

I don't see any procedure for clearing the screen.  But you can write one using SetConsoleCursorPosition() and WriteConsole().  You could also use WriteConsoleOutput().  (There are a lot of ways, actually.  You need to do some research.)

Let me know if you have questions.

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Author Comment

by:macro091998
ID: 1179175
trillo,
  Using the <stdlib.h> and system("cls") worked great... THANKS  macro
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