Setting windows default printer

Posted on 1999-01-11
Last Modified: 2010-05-03
How do you automatically set the windows default printer inside vb5 without using the common dialog box?
Question by:mmyers25
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LVL 14

Accepted Solution

waty earned 50 total points
ID: 1455357
Here is all the code for you : Win95/Win98/Win NT

' #VBIDEUtils#************************************************************
' * Programmer Name  : Waty Thierry
' * Web Site         :
' * E-Mail           :
' * Date             : 8/01/99
' * Time             : 11:51
' * Module Name      : Printer_Module
' * Module Filename  : printer.bas
' **********************************************************************
' * Comments         : Set default printer
' *
' *
' **********************************************************************

Option Explicit

Declare Function GetProfileString Lib "kernel32" Alias "GetProfileStringA" (ByVal lpAppName As String, ByVal lpKeyName As String, ByVal lpDefault As String, ByVal lpReturnedString As String, ByVal nSize As Long) As Long
Declare Function WriteProfileString Lib "kernel32" Alias "WriteProfileStringA" (ByVal lpszSection As String, ByVal lpszKeyName As String, ByVal lpszString As String) As Long
Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" Alias "SendMessageA" (ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal wMsg As Long, ByVal wParam As Long, lParam As String) As Long


   dwOSVersionInfoSize  As Long
   dwMajorVersion       As Long
   dwMinorVersion       As Long
   dwBuildNumber        As Long
   dwPlatformId         As Long
   szCSDVersion         As String * 128
End Type

Public Declare Function GetVersionExA Lib "kernel32" (lpVersionInformation As OSVERSIONINFO) As Integer
Public Declare Function OpenPrinter Lib "winspool.drv" Alias "OpenPrinterA" (ByVal pPrinterName As String, phPrinter As Long, pDefault As PRINTER_DEFAULTS) As Long
Public Declare Function SetPrinter Lib "winspool.drv" Alias "SetPrinterA" (ByVal hPrinter As Long, ByVal Level As Long, pPrinter As Any, ByVal Command As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function GetPrinter Lib "winspool.drv" Alias "GetPrinterA" (ByVal hPrinter As Long, ByVal Level As Long, pPrinter As Any, ByVal cbBuf As Long, pcbNeeded As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function lstrcpy Lib "kernel32" Alias "lstrcpyA" (ByVal lpString1 As String, ByVal lpString2 As Any) As Long
Public Declare Function ClosePrinter Lib "winspool.drv" (ByVal hPrinter As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function GetLastError Lib "kernel32" () As Long

' *** constants for DEVMODE structure
Public Const CCHDEVICENAME = 32
Public Const CCHFORMNAME = 32

' *** constants for DesiredAccess member of PRINTER_DEFAULTS

' *** constant that goes into PRINTER_INFO_5 Attributes member to set it as default

Public Type DEVMODE
   dmDeviceName         As String * CCHDEVICENAME
   dmSpecVersion        As Integer
   dmDriverVersion      As Integer
   dmSize               As Integer
   dmDriverExtra        As Integer
   dmFields             As Long
   dmOrientation        As Integer
   dmPaperSize          As Integer
   dmPaperLength        As Integer
   dmPaperWidth         As Integer
   dmScale              As Integer
   dmCopies             As Integer
   dmDefaultSource      As Integer
   dmPrintQuality       As Integer
   dmColor              As Integer
   dmDuplex             As Integer
   dmYResolution        As Integer
   dmTToption           As Integer
   dmCollate            As Integer
   dmFormName           As String * CCHFORMNAME
   dmLogPixels          As Integer
   dmBitsPerPel         As Long
   dmPelsWidth          As Long
   dmPelsHeight         As Long
   dmDisplayFlags       As Long
   dmDisplayFrequency   As Long
   dmICMMethod          As Long        ' // Windows 95 only
   dmICMIntent          As Long        ' // Windows 95 only
   dmMediaType          As Long        ' // Windows 95 only
   dmDitherType         As Long        ' // Windows 95 only
   dmReserved1          As Long        ' // Windows 95 only
   dmReserved2          As Long        ' // Windows 95 only
End Type

Public Type PRINTER_INFO_5
   pPrinterName               As String
   pPortName                  As String
   Attributes                 As Long
   DeviceNotSelectedTimeout   As Long
   TransmissionRetryTimeout   As Long
End Type

   pDatatype            As Long
   pDevMode             As DEVMODE
   DesiredAccess        As Long
End Type

Declare Function SetBkColor Lib "gdi32" (ByVal hdc As Long, ByVal crColor As Long) As Long

Private Function PtrCtoVbString(Add As Long) As String
   Dim sTemp As String * 512, X As Long
   X = lstrcpy(sTemp, Add)
   If (InStr(1, sTemp, Chr(0)) = 0) Then
      PtrCtoVbString = ""
      PtrCtoVbString = left(sTemp, InStr(1, sTemp, Chr(0)) - 1)
   End If

End Function

Public Sub SetDefaultPrinter(ByVal PrinterName As String, ByVal DriverName As String, ByVal PrinterPort As String)
   Dim DeviceLine As String
   Dim r As Long
   Dim l As Long
   DeviceLine = PrinterName & "," & DriverName & "," & PrinterPort
   ' *** Store the new printer information in the [WINDOWS] section of
   ' *** the WIN.INI file for the DEVICE= item
   r = WriteProfileString("windows", "Device", DeviceLine)
   ' *** Cause all applications to reload the INI file:
   l = SendMessage(HWND_BROADCAST, WM_WININICHANGE, 0, "windows")

End Sub

Public Sub Win95SetDefaultPrinter(sPrinter As String)
   Dim Handle           As Long              ' handle to printer
   Dim PrinterName      As String
   Dim pd               As PRINTER_DEFAULTS
   Dim X                As Long
   Dim need             As Long             ' bytes needed
   Dim pi5              As PRINTER_INFO_5   ' your PRINTER_INFO structure
   Dim LastError        As Long
   ' determine which printer was selected
   PrinterName = sPrinter
   ' none - exit
   If PrinterName = "" Then Exit Sub
   ' set the PRINTER_DEFAULTS members
   pd.pDatatype = 0&
   pd.DesiredAccess = PRINTER_ALL_ACCESS
   ' Get a handle to the printer
   X = OpenPrinter(PrinterName, Handle, pd)
   ' failed the open
   If X = False Then Exit Sub
   ' Make an initial call to GetPrinter, requesting Level 5  (PRINTER_INFO_5)
   ' information, to determine how many bytes  you need
   X = GetPrinter(Handle, 5, ByVal 0&, 0, need)
   ' don 't want to check GetLastError here - it's supposed to fail
   ' redim t as large as you need
   ReDim t((need \ 4)) As Long
   ' and call GetPrinter for keepers this time
   X = GetPrinter(Handle, 5, t(0), need, need)
   ' failed the GetPrinter
   If X = False Then Exit Sub
   ' set the members of the pi5 structure for use with SetPrinter.
   ' PtrCtoVbString copies the memory pointed at by the two    string
   ' pointers contained in the t() array into a Visual Basic string.
   ' The other three elements are just DWORDS (long integers) and
   ' don 't require any conversion
   pi5.pPrinterName = PtrCtoVbString(t(0))
   pi5.pPortName = PtrCtoVbString(t(1))
   pi5.Attributes = t(2)
   pi5.DeviceNotSelectedTimeout = t(3)
   pi5.TransmissionRetryTimeout = t(4)
   ' this is the critical flag that makes it the default printer
   ' call SetPrinter to set it
   X = SetPrinter(Handle, 5, pi5, 0)
   ' failed the SetPrinter
   If X = False Then Exit Sub
   ' and close the handle
   ClosePrinter (Handle)
End Sub

Public Sub GetDriverAndPort(ByVal Buffer As String, DriverName As String, PrinterPort As String)
   Dim iDriver       As Integer
   Dim iPort         As Integer
   DriverName = ""
   PrinterPort = ""
   ' The driver name is first in the string terminated by a comma
   iDriver = InStr(Buffer, ",")
   If iDriver > 0 Then
      ' Strip out the driver name
      DriverName = left(Buffer, iDriver - 1)
      ' The port name is the second entry after the driver name separated by commas.
      iPort = InStr(iDriver + 1, Buffer, ",")
      If iPort > 0 Then
         ' Strip out the port name
         PrinterPort = Mid(Buffer, iDriver + 1, _
         iPort - iDriver - 1)
      End If
   End If

End Sub

Public Sub ParseList(lstCtl As Control, ByVal Buffer As String)
   Dim i As Integer
      i = InStr(Buffer, Chr(0))
      If i > 0 Then
         If (Trim(left(Buffer, i - 1)) <> "") Then lstCtl.AddItem left(Buffer, i - 1)
         Buffer = Mid(Buffer, i + 1)
         If (Trim(Buffer) <> "") Then lstCtl.AddItem Buffer
         Buffer = ""
      End If
   Loop While i > 0

End Sub

Public Sub WinNTSetDefaultPrinter(sPrinter As String)
   Dim sBuffer       As String
   Dim sDeviceName   As String
   Dim sDriverName   As String
   Dim sPrinterPort  As String
   Dim sPrinterName  As String
   Dim r             As Long
   sBuffer = Space(1024)
   sPrinterName = sPrinter
   r = GetProfileString("PrinterPorts", sPrinterName, "", sBuffer, Len(sBuffer))
   ' Parse the driver name and port name out of the buffer
   GetDriverAndPort sBuffer, sDriverName, sPrinterPort
   If sDriverName <> "" And sPrinterPort <> "" Then
      SetDefaultPrinter sPrinter, sDriverName, sPrinterPort
   End If

End Sub


Author Comment

ID: 1455358
I was wondering if you could give me something a little smaller.  All I want to do is change the printer back to the old default after having used a printer common dialog.

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