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# If statements in excel

Posted on 1999-01-13
Medium Priority
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I want to concatenate two text cells, but only "if" cell X does not "contain" cell Y.  Cell X is the text string with spaces between words - no puntuation.  No spaces in text cell Y.
Example:
text cell X = cat dog rain
text cell Y = cat
Concatenation yields result:  cat dog rain  (X contains Y)
Example 2:
text cell X = fish blue thunder
text cell Y = cat
Concatenation yields result:  fish blue thunder cat (X does not contain Y
I guess I am looking for an "If contains" statement or function.  Maybe there are a few functions to perform.
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Question by:toddweaver
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Author Comment

ID: 1615631
Edited text of question
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Accepted Solution

Pandora earned 210 total points
ID: 1615632
Hi Todd
if in A2 you have the value
Cat
and in A3 you have the value Cat Dog
the result of the formula will be equal to A3 ie
Cat Dog
For any other value the 2 will be concatenated with a space between
=IF(FIND(A2,A3,1)>0,A3,CONCATENATE(A2," ",A3))
The statement reads if the *exact* text in A2 exists in a3, the result is A3 optherwise add A2 + <a space> + A3
Hope this helps you
P.
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Author Comment

ID: 1615633
Excel changed my formula from what I typed to what you see below.
It seems to have worked.  I just need to tinker a bit to get my desired result, for instance I want it to print B1 concatenated with A1 especially if it does not contain A1.  So, I think I am close.  It could be that my brain is off at this time in the evening.  Where can I find formulas like the one you gave me?
=CONCATENATE(IF(FIND(A1,B1,1)>0,B1,CONCATENATE(A1," ",B1)))
cat      mouse cat      mouse cat
cat      mouse cat      mouse cat
cat      mouse      #VALUE!
dog      dog      dog
dog      dog      dog
dog      dog      dog
mouse      mouse      mouse
mouse      mouse      mouse
mouse      blue      #VALUE!

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Expert Comment

ID: 1615634
It should not need the additional concatenate statement (it is simply adding itself to nothing, which is why it still works); the best place to find formulae is usind the f(x) toolbar button next to the sigma button; the functions are listed in groups and the ones you are interested in are:
logical - if statements
text - find, concatenate
the expression builder will tell you what arguments go where, and what they do.  select a blank cell and then click {fx} and have a play - build the statements one at a time from the inside out (this is called 'nesting') and when you're happy each stage works, build the next one inside it - good luck & happy hunting!
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