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Question about WINS and LMHosts file.

Posted on 1999-01-27
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I have just set up a WINS server on our network (God forbid), now is my understanding right on what a WINS server does:  I installed a WINS server so that maintainance of LMHosts files are no more.  Before I used LMHOsts files which had the name of the computer i.e deeznutz.gms.co.nz 202.90.90.189 for example, and when I would "ping deeznutz.gms.co.nz" this would resolve the name to the IP address, now does the WINS service do this also?  I beleive I no longer need to update LMHosts files on every WINS client, and when they now type ping deeznutz.gms.co.nz all WINS clients shoukd resolve it to the IP address 202.90.90.189, is this correct?  I have installed a Windows 95 machine as a WINS Client, it shows up on the WINS Server database, but when I try to ping deeznutz.gms.co.nz it doesnt resolve the name, what am I doing wrong?
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Question by:deeznutz
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skaszak earned 200 total points
ID: 1572238
You are confusing Netbios hostnames and DNS hostnames (internet hostnames). Wins and LMhosts maintain Netbios names. Hosts and DNS maintain the DNS names. They are different.
When a Microsoft network client boots, it will register its netbios name with the wins server it  was configured with. When a netbios client wants to find that pc, it asks the Wins server. The advantages of wins are... Works across routers as it does not use network broadcasts. Works across NT domains. No maintenance. It is possible to import DNS data into WINS and vice versa. DNS into Wins is a checkbox in on the same page as the wins server ip addresses in the client. WINS into DNS is an extension to the Microsoft DNS server.  
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by:deeznutz
ID: 1572239
Can I clarify this point: So LMHost file is associated with WINS and the Hosts file is associated with DNS, correct?
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by:deeznutz
ID: 1572240
And Netbios is used for the browse network neighbourhodd right?
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by:sugdenj
ID: 1572241
Yes.  Netbios name is the "computer name" in network properties.  Same name in WINS.  It is the name used in UNC names like "\\mycomp\bigdrive".  The host name is seton the DNS page in network properties.  It is the computer name part of a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN), like "mail.gte.net"  The domain name here is "gte.net" and the host name is "mail".  DNS uses host and FQDN.

In the above example, if mycomp is in the WINS database, a WINS client can get a response from "ping mycomp"
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