Saving a bitmap to disk

Posted on 1999-07-01
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2013-11-20
I have the following code to load a bitmap from the disk.

void CTheDoc::Serialize (CArchive& ar)
    if (ar.IsLoading ()) {
        CString strFileName = ar.GetFile ()->GetFilePath ();

        HBITMAP hBitmap = (HBITMAP) ::LoadImage (AfxGetInstanceHandle (),
            (LPCTSTR) strFileName, IMAGE_BITMAP, 0, 0, LR_LOADFROMFILE |

        if (hBitmap == NULL)
            AfxThrowArchiveException (CArchiveException::badIndex);

        m_bitmap.Attach (hBitmap); ::MessageBeep(0);

Where m_bitmap is declares as CBitmap.
What is the parallel code to this that would allow me to save the bitmap to disk.

Thank you
Question by:Zainal062797
1 Comment

Accepted Solution

nil_dib earned 400 total points
ID: 1308678
before you take a look at the code below, check out:


The following example code defines a function that allocates memory for and initializes members within a BITMAPINFOHEADER structure.

PBITMAPINFO CreateBitmapInfoStruct(HWND hwnd, HBITMAP hBmp) {
    BITMAP bmp;
    WORD    cClrBits;
    /* Retrieve the bitmap's color format, width, and height. */
    if (!GetObject(hBmp, sizeof(BITMAP), (LPSTR)&bmp))
        errhandler("GetObject", hwnd);
    /* Convert the color format to a count of bits. */
    cClrBits = (WORD)(bmp.bmPlanes * bmp.bmBitsPixel);
    if (cClrBits == 1)
        cClrBits = 1;
    else if (cClrBits <= 4)
        cClrBits = 4;
    else if (cClrBits <= 8)
        cClrBits = 8;
    else if (cClrBits <= 16)
        cClrBits = 16;
    else if (cClrBits <= 24)
        cClrBits = 24;
        cClrBits = 32;
     * Allocate memory for the BITMAPINFO structure. (This structure
     * contains a BITMAPINFOHEADER structure and an array of RGBQUAD data
     * structures.)
    if (cClrBits != 24)
         pbmi = (PBITMAPINFO) LocalAlloc(LPTR,
                    sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
                    sizeof(RGBQUAD) * (2^cClrBits));
     * There is no RGBQUAD array for the 24-bit-per-pixel format.
         pbmi = (PBITMAPINFO) LocalAlloc(LPTR,
    /* Initialize the fields in the BITMAPINFO structure. */
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biWidth = bmp.bmWidth;
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biHeight = bmp.bmHeight;
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biPlanes = bmp.bmPlanes;
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biBitCount = bmp.bmBitsPixel;
    if (cClrBits < 24)
        pbmi->bmiHeader.biClrUsed = 2^cClrBits;
    /* If the bitmap is not compressed, set the BI_RGB flag. */
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biCompression = BI_RGB;
     * Compute the number of bytes in the array of color
     * indices and store the result in biSizeImage.
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biSizeImage = (pbmi->bmiHeader.biWidth + 7) /8
                                  * pbmi->bmiHeader.biHeight
                                  * cClrBits;
     * Set biClrImportant to 0, indicating that all of the
     * device colors are important.
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biClrImportant = 0;
    return pbmi;
The following example code defines a function that initializes the remaining structures, retrieves the array of palette indices, opens the file, copies the data, and closes the file.

void CreateBMPFile(HWND hwnd, LPTSTR pszFile, PBITMAPINFO pbi,
                  HBITMAP hBMP, HDC hDC)
    HANDLE hf;                  /* file handle */
    BITMAPFILEHEADER hdr;       /* bitmap file-header */
    PBITMAPINFOHEADER pbih;     /* bitmap info-header */
    LPBYTE lpBits;              /* memory pointer */
    DWORD dwTotal;              /* total count of bytes */
    DWORD cb;                   /* incremental count of bytes */
    BYTE *hp;                   /* byte pointer */
    DWORD dwTmp;
    pbih = (PBITMAPINFOHEADER) pbi;
    lpBits = (LPBYTE) GlobalAlloc(GMEM_FIXED, pbih->biSizeImage);    if (!lpBits)
         errhandler("GlobalAlloc", hwnd);
     * Retrieve the color table (RGBQUAD array) and the bits
     * (array of palette indices) from the DIB.
    if (!GetDIBits(hDC, hBMP, 0, (WORD) pbih->biHeight,
                   lpBits, pbi, DIB_RGB_COLORS))
        errhandler("GetDIBits", hwnd);
    /* Create the .BMP file. */
    hf = CreateFile(pszFile,
                   GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE,
                   (DWORD) 0,
                   (LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES) NULL,
                   (HANDLE) NULL);
        errhandler("CreateFile", hwnd);
    hdr.bfType = 0x4d42;        /* 0x42 = "B" 0x4d = "M" */
    /* Compute the size of the entire file. */
    hdr.bfSize = (DWORD) (sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) +
                 pbih->biSize + pbih->biClrUsed
                 * sizeof(RGBQUAD) + pbih->biSizeImage);
    hdr.bfReserved1 = 0;
    hdr.bfReserved2 = 0;
    /* Compute the offset to the array of color indices. */
    hdr.bfOffBits = (DWORD) sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) +
                    pbih->biSize + pbih->biClrUsed
                    * sizeof (RGBQUAD);
    /* Copy the BITMAPFILEHEADER into the .BMP file. */
    if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPVOID) &hdr, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER),
       errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);
    /* Copy the BITMAPINFOHEADER and RGBQUAD array into the file. */
    if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPVOID) pbih, sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)
                  + pbih->biClrUsed * sizeof (RGBQUAD),
                  (LPDWORD) &dwTmp, (LPOVERLAPPED) NULL))
       errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);
    /* Copy the array of color indices into the .BMP file. */
    dwTotal = cb = pbih->biSizeImage;
    hp = lpBits;
    while (cb > MAXWRITE)  {
            if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPSTR) hp, (int) MAXWRITE,
                          (LPDWORD) &dwTmp, (LPOVERLAPPED) NULL))
                errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);
            cb-= MAXWRITE;
            hp += MAXWRITE;
    if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPSTR) hp, (int) cb,
         (LPDWORD) &dwTmp, (LPOVERLAPPED) NULL))
           errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);
    /* Close the .BMP file. */
    if (!CloseHandle(hf))
           errhandler("CloseHandle", hwnd);
    /* Free memory. */    GlobalFree((HGLOBAL)lpBits);


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