• C

Again, In 16-bit, how do I check whether Drive A is formatted or not?"

I asked this question just days before.
(Programming : Languages : C : Q.10236627 )
I accepted one of the answers, which is not correct after testing. So, I have to ask again.

In my program, I try to write sth to Drive A, so I need to check the status of A drive, the first is whether Drive A is formatted.  
I think _bios_disk can't work, this one always work no matter the drive A is formatted or not. _dos_open also can't. when I use this one to access A drive, it will give me the Abort, Retry, and Fail, if it's not formatted. I don't want my end user to see this message. besides, I will lose control.

Any idea to detect whether A is formatted or how to disable the Abort, Retry, and Fail, or and a handler?

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Here is a quick example on how to install your own error handler.  This will allow you override the the Abort, Retry, and Fail error:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <dos.h>
#include <dir.h>
#include <process.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

// globals

char tempdir[144];
int diskErr;

// prototypes

int diskErrorHandler(int errval, int ax, int bp, int si);
int restoreDir(char *s);

/* critical error handler for drive change - not working yet */

int testDisk(int n)
      void interrupt (*oldHarderr)();
      FILE *fp;
      char buffer[32];

      if((fp=fopen(buffer,"r")) != NULL) fclose(fp);

int diskErrorHandler(int errval, int ax, int bp, int si)
      unsigned di;
      int errorno;

      if(ax >=0) {
            di = _DI;
            errorno = di & 0x00FF;
            diskErr = di & 0x00FF;;
      return 0;

int restoreDir(char *s)         /* restore a saved directory path */
      if(isalpha(s[0]) && s[1]==':') setdisk(s[0]-'A');
return 0;
Also note that normally you are not expected to grade an answer until you have tried it.
I mentioned using the access() function in that question. See if your compiler supports it.
Although  not ANSI C there is an common function that can be used for
                                        int access (const char *filename, int how)

                                    It returns -1 (non zero) if access is denied. The how argument may vary
                                    from system to system, on gcc use F_OK, Borland the value 0 should work.
                                    Check out your compilers manual.

                                    // tested with gcc 2.8 (Mingw32)
                                    #include <stdio.h>
                                    #include <errno.h>
                                    #include <unistd.h>

                                    int main()
                                       access("A:\\", F_OK);
                                       printf("errno: %d\n", errno);


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Hi, i hope, next programmm is a reply to you Q:
/* Name       : GetStatusDriveInt                           */
/* Descript   : Get Status of Drive                      */
/* Parameters : nDrive: 0-> A:, 1: B: ,                     */
/* Return     : -2: Disket not formatted,-1: not ready,0:OK */
int GetStatusDriveInt(int nDrive)
  int nRet = -1;
  struct SREGS sregs;
  union  REGS regs;
  char   szTemp[512];
  int    block[5];
                              //clear all
  memset(&sregs , 0, sizeof(sregs));
  memset(&regs , 0, sizeof(regs));
  memset(szTemp , 0, sizeof(szTemp));
  memset(block, 0, sizeof(block));

  block[2] = 1;
  block[3] =  FP_OFF(szTemp);
  block[4] =  FP_SEG(szTemp);

  sregs.ds = FP_SEG(block);
  regs.x.bx = FP_OFF(block);
//                     absread(as Interruption, vers 4.0 and more)
  regs.h.al = nDrive;                  //disk a/b
  regs.x.cx = -1;                  //data in block
  regs.x.dx = 0;                  //1-st Sector

  int86x(0x25, &regs, &regs, &sregs);      //read
  if (regs.h.ah == 0)                  //ok?
      int nErr = 0;
      for (int i = 0, i < 512; i++)
      if (szTemp[i] != -10)
      nRet = i <  512 ? 0: -2;  //not formatted!
  return nRet;
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