Callback Functions & Object References

I have callback functions that use methods that reference a TForm object(Form1.Memo1).  When Form1 is the mainform the program works but when Form1 becomes a subform (created at run-time) I get the EAccessViolation error when the method used in the callback tries to reference Form1.

How can I re-reference Form1 when Form1 is no longer the mainform?





sartwjAsked:
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kretzschmarCommented:
? what are the callback functions ?
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sartwjAuthor Commented:
The callback functions poll com1 to receive information from GPS units.

The callback functions usually parse doubles or integers to methods for display or further processing.
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karooCommented:
listening...
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edeyCommented:
a call back function is one that gets passed as a func parameter & is in turn "called back".  An example would be:

The EnumWindows function enumerates all top-level windows on the screen by passing the handle of each window, in turn, to an application-defined callback function. EnumWindows continues until the last top-level window is enumerated or the callback function returns FALSE.

BOOL EnumWindows(

    WNDENUMPROC  lpEnumFunc,      // address of callback function
    LPARAM  lParam       // application-defined value
   );

where lpEnumFunc is the address of a function you declare.

sartwi:
I could be wrong, but I would think you'd have problems accessing a "non-main" form from the callback function because it's called from outside your prog.'s process.

GL
Mike
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sartwjAuthor Commented:
The callbacks I'm using refer to C++ routines (referenced cdecl from Delphi5) in a DLL.  The callbacks work extremely well when the object references within the methods used by the callbacks are on the mainform.  Somehow the objects become de-referenced when the form containing the methods become subforms.

I think I have to use a SafeRef call within the method pointed to in the callback to obtain the Form1 object reference.  

I know nothing about SafeRef or if there are easier ways to reference Form1 in the method that the callback uses.
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ptmcompCommented:
Do you set the reference each time after you created an instance of your form (and delete it before destroying)?
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sartwjAuthor Commented:
I make no explicit reference to Form1 when created or when closed beyond the following code:

unit Main
.....
procedure Tmainform.createForm1;
var
  Form1 : TForm;
begin
  Form1 := TForm.Create(self);
  Form1.show;


Form1 self freed and released on close.
procedure Form1.FormClose();
  Action := caFree;
  Release;
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vladikaCommented:
As I understant you C++ function calls Delphi function which refer to Form1 variable.

When Form1 is main form the variable Form1 is initialized during program startup:
  Application.CreateForm(TForm1, Form1); // Form1 refer to instance of TForm1 class

I think when you create TForm1 instance by hand in run-time you do not initialize Form1 variable properly.

Please, write how you create Form1 as subform.
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vladikaCommented:
But why do you define Form1 as LOCAL VARIABLE???
You global variable Form1 still don't initialized. And your functions refer to your global Form1 variable, isn't it?
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MadshiCommented:
Could you please post us the callback type declaration and the call how you install that callback calls? And the definition of the installation function? And the callback handler itself?

I think without that we can only guess what's wrong...

Regards, Madshi.
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sburckCommented:
I'll wager a guess myself - try creating your form using Application.CreateForm() rather than via Tform.Create.  This makes the application the owner of the form.
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ptmcompCommented:
I hate this global form variables... #¦o/
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sartwjAuthor Commented:
vladika you are right!  Thank you!

I have been declaring forms as local variables out of habit and didn't give it a second thought.   By keeping Form1 global - problem solved!

I now create new forms this way:
(forms I want only 1 copy of)

unit Main;
....
procedure CreateNewFormClick();
begin
if not Assigned(NewForm) then
begin
NewForm := TNewForm.Create(Application);
NewForm.show;
 end;
end;
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