shell script - identify duplicate paths

What is the easiest way to perform a check from a shell script (preferably
csh) to identify if a path is already included. Is there a simple command

   Determine if a path is already included in
   a shell environment variable
      (e.g., $PATH, $LD_LIBRARY_PATH, $MANPATH, etc.)

   Determine if a fontpath has already been identified
   to the X server (e.g. xset +fp)

I would like to be able to do something like the following:

   set YY_APP_PATH  = /USERS/logins/yy_app/bin
   set YY_APP_FONTS = /USERS/logins/yy_app/fonts

   if !( $YY_APP_PATH in $PATH ) then
      setenv PATH ${PATH}:$YY_APP_PATH

   if !( $YY_APP_FONTS in xset_Font_Path ) then
      xset +fp $YY_APP_FONTS
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Although not very elegant, this will work. Don't feel bad about rejecting it!

# Validate the presence/absence of a path value within a path variable.
# Two variables are passed to a function that parses the path variabe to check for the presence of a path string.
# var1=The path variable to be parsed
# var2=The path string to be checked

chkpth() {

while true
        p1=`echo $pth | cut -f1 -d':'`
        pth=`echo $pth | cut -f2- -d':'`
        [ "$p1" = "$2" ] && return 0
        [ "$p1" = "$pth" ] && return 1

if chkpth "/abc:/def/zzz:ghi:/jkl" "ghi"
        echo yes
        echo no
lhgarrettAuthor Commented:
> Although not very elegant, this will work...

I'm hoping to find a command(s) provided by the operating system if possible, although I agree this is one approach for parsing a string. If there isn't an operating system command, is this the most efficient way of doing it?

By the way, isn't this a #!/bin/sh  script instead of #!/bin/csh ?   :-)
foreach p ($path)
  if( "$p" == "$YY_APP_PATH" ) then
    unsetenv YY_APP_PATH
if( $?YY_APP_PATH ) then
  setenv PATH ${PATH}:$YY_APP_PATH

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echo $path | tr ' ' '\012'|uniq -d
echo $MANPATH|tr ':' '\012'|uniq -d
Doesn't that require $path to be sorted?
opps, needs to be piped through sort after tr
lhgarrettAuthor Commented:
So I've come up with two versions of a script (that are combinations of dgrimes, ozo and ahoffman comments!!!). Each script handles three kinds of field separators (colon blank comma), for example,

   $PATH           one:two:three
   $path           one two three
   Font Path       one,two,three


   #!/bin/csh -f
   foreach p ( `echo $2 | tr ',' ' ' | tr ':' ' '` )
      if ( $p == $1 ) exit 0
   exit 1


   #!/bin/csh -f
   echo $1 $2 | \
        tr ' ' '\012' | \
        tr ',' '\012' | \
        tr ':' '\012' | \
        sort | uniq -d | \
        grep ^${1}$ >&! /dev/null
   exit $status

To use the script:

   set new_path = /usr/dt/bin
   if ! ( { chkpth1 $new_path $PATH } ) setenv PATH ${PATH}:$new_path
   unset new_path
lhgarrettAuthor Commented:
Please help me with who should get points, or with more comments. I think everyone contributed something to the approach.

Also, can I put chkpth1 into a #!/bin/csh script as a function, as dgrimes did in the first proposed solution?
>By the way, isn't this a #!/bin/sh  script instead of #!/bin/csh ?

I tested with csh and it worked just fine for me. csh supports much of the same functionality sh does. :)
I didn't mean to submit as an answer.
> Also, can I put chkpth1 into a #!/bin/csh script as a function, as dgrimes did in the first proposed solution?
NO, csh has no functions, but goto ;-)

> setenv PATH ${PATH}:$new_path
you can put this in a script file too, but keep in mind that each subshell has it's own environment, which is destroyed at exit (or EOF).
I assume that you want to export the computed PATH to the parent, then you have
to source the script, like

source new_script

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lhgarrettAuthor Commented:
> source new_script

You are correct, I am sourcing a new_script that has a foreach statement in it to call the chkpth1 script for each new path I anticipate adding to an existing path.
lhgarrettAuthor Commented:
> Please help me with who should get points

   25 points for ozo for the 'foreach and sort' part of solutions (see Points for ozo)

   50 points to ahoffman for the 'tr and uniq' portions of the solutions; and subsequnt answer to the 'NO, csh has no functions' answer

   I hope this is OK... Thanks to everybody!
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