font sizes on different machines

Posted on 2000-02-04
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2013-12-02
When designing a form on one machine, sometimes the fonts (and thus the columns in a dbgrid or text grid) come out differently on another machine, even with the font selection the same and running the same screen size.

Any suggestions as to preventing this?
Question by:oneeye
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LVL 17

Expert Comment

ID: 2491885
this is what borland say on the matter:

Technical Information Database

TI944D.txt   Form display with different screen resolutions.
Category   :VCL
Platform    :All
Product    :Delphi  All

When designing forms, it is sometimes helpful to write the code
so that the screen and all of its objects are displayed at the
same size no matter what the screen resolution is.  Here is
some code to show how that is done:

  ScreenWidth: LongInt = 800; {I designed my form in 800x600 mode.}
  ScreenHeight: LongInt = 600;

{$R *.DFM}

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
  scaled := true;
  if (screen.width <> ScreenWidth) then
    height := longint(height) * longint(screen.height) div ScreenHeight;
    width := longint(width) * longint(screen.width) div ScreenWidth;
    scaleBy(screen.width, ScreenWidth);

Then, you will want to have something that checks to see that
the font sizes are OK.  You can iterate over each child
control's font to adjust its size as necessary.  This can be
done as follows:

  TFooClass = class(TControl); { needed to get at protected }
                               { font property }

  i: integer;
  for i := ControlCount - 1 downto 0 do
    TFooClass(Controls[i]).Font.Size :=
        (NewFormWidth div OldFormWidth) *

Note:  The following are issue to bear in mind when scaling
Delphi applications (forms) on different screen resolutions:

  * Decide early on in the form design stage whether you're
going to allow the form to be scaled or not.  The advantage of
not scaling is that nothing changes at runtime.  The
disadvantage of not scaling is that nothing changes at runtime
(your form may be far too small or too large to read on some
systems if it is not scaled).

  * If you're NOT going to scale the form, set Scaled to False.

  * Otherwise, set the Form's Scaled property to True.

  * Set AutoScroll to False.  AutoScroll = True means 'don't
change the form's frame size at runtime' which doesn't look
good when the  form's contents do change size.

  * Set the form's font to a scaleable TrueType font, like
Arial.   MS San Serif is an ok alternate, but remember that it
is still a  bitmapped font.  Only Arial will give you a font
within a pixel of the desired height.  NOTE: If the font used
in an application is not installed on the target computer, then
Windows will select an  alternative font within the same font
family to use instead.  This font may not match the same size
of the original font any may cause problems.

  * Set the form's Position property to something other than
poDesigned.  poDesigned leaves the form where you left it at
design time, which for me always winds up way off to the left
on my 1280x1024 screen -  and completely off the 640x480 screen.

  * Don't crowd controls on the form - leave at least 4 pixels
between  controls, so that a one pixel change in border
locations (due to  scaling) won't show up as ugly overlapping

  * For single line labels that are alLeft or alRight aligned,
set AutoSize to True.  Otherwise, set AutoSize to False.

  * Make sure there is enough blank space in a label component
to allow for font width changes - a blank space that is 25% of
the length of the current string display length is a little too
much, but safe. (You'll need at least 30% expansion space for
string labels if you  plan to translate your app into other
languages) If AutoSize is  False, make sure you actually set
the label width appropriately.  If AutoSize is True, make sure
there is enough room for the label  to grow on its own.

  * In multi-line, word-wrapped labels, leave at least one line
of blank space at the bottom.  You'll need this to catch the
overflow when the text wraps differently when the font width
changes with scaling. Don't assume that because you're using
large fonts, you don't have to allow for text overflow -
somebody else's large  fonts may be larger than yours!

  * Be careful about opening a project in the IDE at different
resolutions.  The form's PixelsPerInch property will be
modified as soon as the form is opened, and will be saved to
the DFM if you save the project. It's best to test the app by
running it standalone, and edit the form at only one
resolution. Editing at varying resolutions and font sizes
invites component drift  and sizing problems.

  * Speaking of component drift, don't rescale a form multiple
times, at design time or a runtime.  Each rescaling introduces
roundoff errors which accumulate very quickly since coordinates
are  strictly integral.  As fractional amounts are truncated
off control's origins and sizes with each successive
rescaling,  the controls will appear to creep northwest and get
smaller. If you want to allow your users to rescale the form
any number  of times, start with a freshly loaded/created form
before each  scaling, so that scaling errors do not accumulate.

  * Don't change the PixelsPerInch property of the form, period.

  * In general, it is not necessary to design forms at any
particular resolution, but it is crucial that you review their
appearance at 640x480 with small fonts and large, and at a
high-resolution with small fonts and large before releasing
your app.  This should be  part of your regular system
compatibility testing checklist.

  * Pay close attention to any components that are essentially  
single-line TMemos - things like TDBLookupCombo.  The Windows  
multi-line edit control always shows only whole lines of text
-  if the control is too short for its font, a TMemo will show  
nothing at all (a TEdit will show clipped text). For such  
components, it's better to make them a few pixels too large
than to be one pixel too small and show not text at all.

  * Keep in mind that all scaling is proportional to the
difference  in the font height between runtime and design time,
NOT the pixel resolution or screen size.  Remember also that
the origins of your controls will be changed when the form is
scaled - you can't very  well make components bigger without
also moving them over a bit.

Regards Barry

Author Comment

ID: 2492205
That's fine... Actually, I got the same response when doing a search, was checking for anyone having a shortcut to things like differing font widths.
LVL 17

Accepted Solution

inthe earned 150 total points
ID: 2492219
there are also some components to help in this at dsp and torrys but basically they are just doing as above..
with  screenwidth ,screen height stuff ..

Author Comment

ID: 2493056
That's fine, I'll check their pages. I need to take a look at what sizes the window's fonts are, as one of the problems was one of the machines I had my app deployed on was set to the large font, so I was going into autoscroll on some dbgrids....
LVL 17

Expert Comment

ID: 2493093
ok cheers and as a note you can check the font size by Checking the TForm.PixelsPerInch property. This will be set to 96 for small and 120 for large.

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);

Regards Barry

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