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How to check which processes keep accessing the internet?

Anybody knows how to check if any of processes in my system(HP-UX 10.20) keeps accessing the internet?  Because recently
 I found from Cisco Router that my system has unusal traffic through
 internet,  I can just deny this system from accessing the internet but
 I want to know why and at what time which processes will access the internet.  How can I do that?
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kslzzg
Asked:
kslzzg
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1 Solution
 
den_tsopaCommented:
you may use lsof (list of open files)utility. it shows what processes currently have established TCP connections (and with which hosts) or listened UDP sockets.
you may get it from ftp://vic.cc.purdue.edu/pub/tools/unix/lsof/.
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kloverCommented:
Run a

date >> /tmp/netaccess ; netstat -a >> /tmp/netaccess

in the crontab every 10 minutes.  This appends a time stamp to the netaccess file followed by a listing of the current TCP and UDP connections on the Unix host every 10 minutes.

Read and delete the netaccess file daily.  Check the file for foreign addresses.  By analyzing the ports on the foreign and local host entries you will know what's going on.

For Example..
Proto  Local Address          Foreign Address
TCP    192.168.0.2:80  209.63.224.177:3110
TCP    192.168.0.2:1738       192.168.0.1:23

Entry one tells me that a host out on the Internet (209.63.224.177) is connected to my host at port 80.  Port 80 is the standard for WWW.

Entry two tells me that the unix host is connected to another unix host via telnet (port 23)

Using this method along with the list of known ports listed in /etc/services you can tell who connects to your server, when they are connected, and what they are doing.




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kloverCommented:
date >> /tmp/netaccess ; netstat -a|grep localhost >> /tmp/netaccess

Use this in cron instead.  It weeds out the stuff you don't need before appending it to the netaccess file....

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kslzzgAuthor Commented:
I have done an experiment.  I just run ping to DNS provided by local ISP and I also run netstat but cannot find out any foreign IP address associated with the internet.  That means
I  cannot find out  the IP address for that DNS.
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kloverCommented:
Sorry, I don't understand your experiment or what it means...
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kslzzgAuthor Commented:
Let me explain what experiment I have done.   Firstly I run a process which just ping to the internet, then I run the commands that you recommend to monitor the system to see
 if I can find this process.   Definitely the "ping" process will
 trigger an ISDN connection to the internet,  why I can't find anything from "netstat -a"  regarding the internet connection?
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kloverCommented:
Ping does not generate a session, it is just a diagnostic tool.  Your server is not sporadically pinging the Internet.  Any time your server wants to do something "real" like download mail or browse the Internet a session is created which can be detected and logged using the method described above.  For diagnostic purposes you can shorten the time to every 30 seconds, but don't let it run too long because the log will fill up your hard disk.

You know what...  I'll bet your Unix box is trying to act as a router.  If it is running RIP it will kick your router up occasionally to broadcast it's route table!!!  I had this problem at a customer site.

I'm not exactly sure how to tell you to disable RIP on HP-UX.  Poke around in your network configuration...  Maybe see if it is running as a process...

ps -ef|grep rip

More later if I find anything...
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kloverCommented:
Just remembered, I had to shutdown the route daemon.  

ps -ef|grep routed

This will tell you if the route daemon is running on your system.
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kloverCommented:
(gated also uses RIP)  ps -ef|grep gated

The well known port for the Routed daemon to wait for routing information packets is UDP socket 520.

do a

netstat -a -n | grep 520

to see if you are running a RIP router on your Unix box.  If you are, RIP is most likely generating that traffic.
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kslzzgAuthor Commented:
No, I still got nothing from "ps -ef|grep gated" and  
   "netstat -a -n | grep 520".  I believe it has something to do
 with a  performance monitoring demo software from teamquest.com   which I have just installed last Friday.
 Before last Friday, there is no such traffic.   But I still don't know why and how,   I am still investigating it.  

More later if I find anything...
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