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Hook For All exceptions in my application...

Posted on 2000-02-23
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Last Modified: 2013-11-20
Is there any way that I can trap all my Application Exceptions before anyother handler could handle it.

Want a detailed explanation.
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Question by:nv3prasad
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11 Comments
 
LVL 86

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by:jkr
ID: 2550479
You can do that using 'SetUnhandledExceptionFilter()':


LONG WINAPI __XceptFilter   (   EXCEPTION_POINTERS* pExp)
{
    LONG    lnRC    =   EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER;

    TRACE3  (   "__XceptFilter(): got exception, code == 0x%x @ 0x%x, flags == 0x%x\r\n",  
                            pExp->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionCode,
                ( DWORD)    pExp->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionAddress,
                            pExp->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionFlags
            );

    return( lnRC);
}

// in your code:

    SetUnhandledExceptionFilter (   __XceptFilter);

By calling this API, your function replaces 'UnhandledExceptionFilter()', which will usually signal the exception to the user with one of these 'nice' message boxes and terminate the program.
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Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2552069
But this hooks unhandled exceptions. Your function will be alled only when there is no handler. nv3prasad wanted a crack ant every exception before any other handler had a chance.

..B ekiM
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by:jkr
ID: 2552137
Thanx for the reminder, Mike...

Should have remembered the good ol' "Think before you post an answer" rule ;-)
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Expert Comment

by:jhance
ID: 2552295
This might do the job, however.  

What exceptions are handled already that  SetUnhandledExceptionFilter won't catch?

(I don't know, I'm just curious about this.  I've used SetUnhandledExceptionFilter and it catches most errors that occur in a running app.)
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by:jkr
ID: 2552395
You're right jhance, but

__try
{
 char* pc=NULL;

*pc='a';
}
__except(EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER)
{
}

would handle the exception before it reaches the filter...
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by:mikeblas
ID: 2552899
As jkr implies, any exception which is actually handled won't reach your installed handler. nv3prasad wanted something to get all exceptions, handled or not.

..B ekiM
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Author Comment

by:nv3prasad
ID: 2553013
Adjusted points to 100
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Author Comment

by:nv3prasad
ID: 2553014
mikeblas has got my point!

Can anyone provide me a way where I can give the first try to all possible exceptions?

Thank you Mike

Prasad
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Accepted Solution

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jkr earned 100 total points
ID: 2554329
>>Can anyone provide me a way where I
>>can give the first try to all
>>possible exceptions?

Only debuggers can do that. However, writing such a 'mini' debugger isn't too difficult:

    DWORD       dwStatus;

    HANDLE      hProcess    =   INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

    STARTUPINFO         si;
    PROCESS_INFORMATION pi;

    ZeroMemory  (   &si,    sizeof  (   STARTUPINFO));

    si.cb           =   sizeof  (   STARTUPINFO);
    si.dwFlags      =   STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW;
    si.wShowWindow  =   SW_SHOWDEFAULT;

    if  (   !CreateProcess  (   NULL,
                                pszModule,
                                NULL,
                                NULL,
                                FALSE,
                                DEBUG_ONLY_THIS_PROCESS | CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE,
                                GetEnvironmentStrings   (),
                                NULL,
                                &si,
                                &pi
                            )
        )
        {
            return  (   0);
        }

    CloseHandle (   pi.hThread);
    CloseHandle (   pi.hProcess);

    SetDebugErrorLevel  (   SLE_WARNING);


    while   (   WaitForDebugEvent   (   &dbgev, INFINITE))
            {
                dwStatus    =   DBG_CONTINUE;
                *acModule   =   ( char) 0;

                switch  (   dbgev.dwDebugEventCode)
                        {
                            case    EXCEPTION_DEBUG_EVENT       :


                                    wsprintf    (   acBuf,
                                                    "EXCEPTION_DEBUG_EVENT %s, code == 0x%08x at 0x%08x",
                                                    dbgev.u.Exception.dwFirstChance ? "first chance" : "second chance",
                                                    dbgev.u.Exception.ExceptionRecord.ExceptionCode,
                                                    dbgev.u.Exception.ExceptionRecord.ExceptionAddress
                                                );

                                    if  (   EXCEPTION_BREAKPOINT != dbgev.u.Exception.ExceptionRecord.ExceptionCode)
                                            dwStatus    =   DBG_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED;


                                    break;


                            case    RIP_EVENT                   :

                                    wsprintf    (   acBuf,
                                                    "RIP_EVENT, error code == 0x%08x",
                                                    dbgev.u.RipInfo.dwError
                                                );

                                    break;

                            default:    break;
                        }

                printf  (   "PID:%u TID:%u %s\n",
                            dbgev.dwProcessId,  
                            dbgev.dwThreadId,
                            acBuf
                        );

                ContinueDebugEvent  (   dbgev.dwProcessId,  
                                        dbgev.dwThreadId,
                                        dwStatus
                                    );

                if  (   EXIT_PROCESS_DEBUG_EVENT    ==  dbgev.dwDebugEventCode)
                    {
                        break;
                    }
            }

(just a snippet)
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Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2555045
> Only debuggers can do that.

Now we're getting somewhere!

Aside from writing a debugger to monitor your process, your only other alternative is to write a DLL that replaces and watches the RaiseException() API.

..B ekiM
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:nv3prasad
ID: 2558753
I think Jkr has thrown a lot of light on this and also I thank Mike for his valuable suggestions.

I accept jkr's comment as the answer.
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