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Posted on 2000-03-02
Medium Priority
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Sample :

procedure xxxxx...
type
Tet = (MyFirst, MySecond, MyThird);
var
ET : Tet;
begin
ET:=MySecond;
label1.Caption:=inttostr(ord(ET)); //this is no problem
label1.Caption:=ET; //this is a problem..
end;

I would like to write the string "MySecond" in the labels caption. Is it possible to do that - and how ??
Object Inspector does something like this - i just dont know how.

Regards
Peter
0
Question by:PeterLarsen
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LVL 13

Expert Comment

ID: 2576415
The Members of Tet are only known by name to the compiler. After compiling they are only numbers (0, 1, 2).
0

LVL 3

Expert Comment

ID: 2576423
As Epsylon said they are only numbers...

so something like this would be the only way to solve it?

If ET = MySecond then Label1.Caption := 'MySecond';

I suppose..

Good Luck

//raidos
0

LVL 1

Accepted Solution

wmckie earned 400 total points
ID: 2576465
Try this:

uses
TypInfo;

type
Tet = (MyFirst, MySecond, MyThird);

procedure xxxxxxx;
var
ET : Tet;
begin
ET:=MySecond;
//label1.Caption:=inttostr(ord(ET)); //this is no problem
Label1.Caption := GetEnumName(TypeInfo(Tet), ord(et));
end;

Walter McKie
0

LVL 17

Expert Comment

ID: 2576501
Hi
or :

procedure xxxx ;
type
Tet = (MyFirst, MySecond, MyThird);
const
TetStrings : array [Tet] of string = ('MyFirst','MySecond','MyThird');
var
ET : Tet;
begin
ET:= MyThird;
label1.Caption:= TetStrings[ET] ;
end;
0

LVL 2

Author Comment

ID: 2576527
Thanks Walter.

But it is only possible to do that if the Enum type is public or published, right ?

Thanks to you all.
Peter
0

LVL 1

Expert Comment

ID: 2576531
Yes I believe that is correct.

Walter
0

LVL 2

Author Comment

ID: 2576637
How do i get the count from the enum type, like :

For i:=0 to high(Tet)-1 do
something

Thanks
Peter
0

LVL 1

Expert Comment

ID: 2579317
Peter

If you've created an enumerated type then you already know its count or max value so why not why not create a constant and give it the appropriate value:

Type
TNumbers  = (One, Two, Lots, Many);

Const
Max_Numbers = 4;

Then you could use:

for C := 0 to Max_Numbers - 1 do
// something

or you could add an extra "dummy" value to your type i.e.:

Uses
TypInfo;

Type
TNumbers  = (One, Two, Lots, Many, Max_Numbers)

Then you could use:

for C := 0 to GetEnumValue(TypeInfo(TNumbers), 'Max_Numbers') - 1 do
// something

Using GetEnumValue like this will return the number of "real" values in your type.

Is this any use?

Walter
0

LVL 2

Author Comment

ID: 2579333
Thanks,

It is very useful to calculate the 'count' at run-time, because the enum declaration may be created by one programmer and used by another.

Also it is very easy to forget to change a constant.

Regards
Peter
0

LVL 1

Expert Comment

ID: 2579780
Peter

Yes I agree about forgetting to update the const value.

Is the other option acceptable, if not I have another suggesstion. In the TypInfo unit source there is function called GetTypeData which is not in the interface section. Its very short (only 3 asm instructions) I copied this and ran it against an enum type then looked at the returned PTypeData.MaxValue and you get the maximum value of that type! Have a try, see what you think.

As a matter of interest I've used this type enumeration stuff to "use strings" in a case statement, I got the details from an old copy of The Delphi Magazine, can't remember which month.

Uses
TypInfo;

Type
TNumbers = (One, Two, Lots, Many);

Procedure xxxxxx
begin
// Get a string from somewhere
case TNumbers(GetEnumValue(TypeInfo(TNumbers), aString)) of
end;
end;

Cheers - Walter
0

LVL 2

Author Comment

ID: 2579874
Thanks Walter,

Well, i have chosen the constant solution - until a better one is found.

I know it is possible to get the 'count' somewhere - or i think it's possible. Otherwise i dont understand how the Object Inspector is capable of showing the enum type.

Also take a look at Inthe's sample :

type
Tet = (MyFirst, MySecond, MyThird);
const
TetStrings : array [Tet] of string = ('MyFirst','MySecond','MyThird');

"Array [Tet] of string".... Somehow the 'count' is passed to the array.

-i like your case-of sample - very nice :-)

Peter
0

LVL 2

Author Comment

ID: 2579909
Hi Walter,

>> or you could add an extra "dummy" value to your type i.e.:

Your "dummy" idea is ok, but if it is for use in published properties, it will confuse the programmer - i think.

But i think i will consider using this method in private properties.

Peter
0

LVL 1

Expert Comment

ID: 2579984
Peter

I made a mistake in me last comment the function GetTypeData is in the interface section of the TypInfo unit.

My guess is that a count might not available but rather the maximum value is the key. Since enum types are always ordinal values 0, 1, 2, ... maxvalue then the count of elements is maxvalue + 1.

Therefore the following will work:

Uses
TypInfo;

Type
TNumbers = (One, Two, Lots, Many);

procedure xxx;
var
C: word;
begin
for C := 0 to PTypeData(GetTypeData(TypeInfo(TNumbers))).MaxValue do
end;

Thanks - Walter
0

LVL 2

Author Comment

ID: 2591905
I have tried the sample from your latest comment and it's perfect.

Thanks
Peter
0

LVL 1

Expert Comment

ID: 2594971

Walter
0

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