Solved

Perl flock - f_rdlck not working

Posted on 2000-03-11
9
344 Views
Last Modified: 2006-11-17
1) I execute the first program with the following statements:

$READLOCK = 1;
$EXCLUSIVE = 2;
$UNLOCK = 8;

unless (open(INFILE, "test.tmp"))
{
      print $query->header;
      &message("Unable to open in file");
}
flock (INFILE, $READLOCK);
sleep(20);
flock (INFILE, $UNLOCK);
close(INFILE);


3) I execute a second pgm immediately after the first. The second pgm tries to read the same file(i.e. INFILE):

The second file successfully reads the INFILE before the first program completes; in other words, the $READLOCK in the first pgm is not locking file INFILE. By the way, the $EXCLUSIVE works correctly!!


Platform: UNIX - Solaris

object: $READLOCK must prevent any other file(i.e. read lock) from reading it. One solution is to execute chmod in the first pgm and set INFILE to 333. After it is complete, change it back to 644. However, I do not like this hack!!
0
Comment
Question by:ronandersen
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
9 Comments
 
LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:maneshr
ID: 2608085
i think its working properly as its supposed to. Lock 1 is a shared lock, so other processes can still read from the locked file.

here is some PERL documentation that talks about file locks.
==========================

LOCK_SH (1)

   Establishes a shared lock on the file (read lock).

LOCK_EX (2)

   Establishes an exclusive lock on the file (write lock).

Also the polite process customarily indicates its intent to read from the file by requesting a LOCK_SH. Many processes can have
simultaneous shared locks on the file because they (presumably) won't be changing the data. If a process intends to write to the
file, it should request an exclusive lock via LOCK_EX
0
 

Author Comment

by:ronandersen
ID: 2608141
maneshr,

I am questioning the lock_sh. Why would you want to allow other people to read a file if a pgm request a read lock??




0
 
LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:maneshr
ID: 2608167
lock sh is a shared lock i.e. the file can be read from. Thats the actual implementation of a shared lock.

if you dont what to allow any other process to read from the file you would need an exclusive lock (as you have yourself mentioned above).
0
Announcing the Most Valuable Experts of 2016

MVEs are more concerned with the satisfaction of those they help than with the considerable points they can earn. They are the types of people you feel privileged to call colleagues. Join us in honoring this amazing group of Experts.

 
LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 2608431
1 is a shared lock.  If you don't want to share, use an exclusive lock.
0
 
LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 2608437
Also, flock does not lock out other programs doing a read or a write, flock locks out other programs doing a flock.
0
 

Author Comment

by:ronandersen
ID: 2608563
Ok,

We are getting closer..

I tried using the exclusive lock on the first pgm, however, the second pgm still was able to read the file..

How would I prevent another process from reading a file??
0
 
LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 2608572
The other process should not read unless it has aquires a flock.
0
 

Author Comment

by:ronandersen
ID: 2634537
For those of you responding,

When I flock a file as exclusive, other files can still read the locked file. Is this correct??
0
 
LVL 16

Accepted Solution

by:
maneshr earned 50 total points
ID: 2636328
yes thats right.
0

Featured Post

Free Tool: Path Explorer

An intuitive utility to help find the CSS path to UI elements on a webpage. These paths are used frequently in a variety of front-end development and QA automation tasks.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

There are many situations when we need to display the data in sorted order. For example: Student details by name or by rank or by total marks etc. If you are working on data driven based projects then you will use sorting techniques very frequently.…
In the distant past (last year) I hacked together a little toy that would allow a couple of Manager types to query, preview, and extract data from a number of MongoDB instances, to their tool of choice: Excel (http://dilbert.com/strips/comic/2007-08…
Explain concepts important to validation of email addresses with regular expressions. Applies to most languages/tools that uses regular expressions. Consider email address RFCs: Look at HTML5 form input element (with type=email) regex pattern: T…

808 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question