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function overloading

why c++ does not allow =,(),[],-> to be overloaded as friend function?
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jamanat
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jamanat
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nietodCommented:
When overload any operator, it is required that at least one of the operands be a user-defined class type.  However, with these operators there are additional restructions, for example with operator = the destination operand (left one) has to be a user defined class, so to force that to occur it is made a member function.  (if it was a friend you could write

operator =(int &Destination,const SomeClass &Source);

an operator that has 1 user defined class type, but the type is not the destination.

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nietodCommented:
For operator (), it must be a member because you need an object to place to the left of the ().  Without that object you would have confussion, for example if you had

int operator(int i) { return i +1; };

int x = 1;
int y = (int) x;

does that code just cast an int to an int, which does nothing, or does it call that overloaded operator ()?  You can't tell, but as a member function an object will always appear to the left of the parenthesis to make this clear.

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nietodCommented:
operator [] is simlar to (), agan it is to force you to put an object to the left of the [].  Although in this case there would be no syntacitc confussions as

int y = [x];

is not currently legal.

I'm not sure why operator -> would have to have this restriction.  it seems like it could be written as a non-member that takes a single parameter that must be a user-defined class type.  

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jamanatAuthor Commented:
Hey thanks for answering my question. But I need some more help on this. Can you mail me on jamanat@usa.net?
 please....
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nietodCommented:
Why e-mail?  Is there any reason you cannot ask here?   Information posted here will be saved in EE's database for future queries.
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