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file locker?

Posted on 2000-04-03
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Last Modified: 2013-12-25
how to make a file locker, so only one person can access the file a time?
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Question by:syu1
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maneshr earned 50 total points
ID: 2680805
if you are using PERL, you can use the flock function.

flock FILEHANDLE, OPERATION

Establishes or removes a lock on a file opened with filehandle. This function calls one of the Unix functions flock, lockf, or
the locking capabilities of fcntl, whichever your system supports. If none of these functions exist on your system, flock will
produce a fatal error.

operation is the type of locking function to perform. The number by each operation name is the argument that Perl's flock
takes by default. You may also use the operation names if you explicitly import them from the Fcntl module with use Fcntl
":flock".

     LOCK_SH (1)

          Establishes a shared lock on the file (read lock).

     LOCK_EX (2)

          Establishes an exclusive lock on the file (write lock).

     LOCK_UN (8)

          Removes a lock from the file.

     LOCK_NB (4)

          Prevents flock from blocking while trying to establish a lock with LOCK_SH or LOCK_EX and instructs it to return
          immediately. LOCK_NB must be ored with the other operation as an expression for the operation argument, i.e.,
          (LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB).



This function calls flock(2) on FILEHANDLE. See the manual page for flock(2) for the definition of OPERATION. Invoking flock will produce a fatal error if used on a machine that doesn't implement flock(2) or emulate it through some other locking mechanism. Here's a mailbox appender for some BSD-based systems:

$LOCK_SH = 1;
$LOCK_EX = 2;
$LOCK_NB = 4;
$LOCK_UN = 8;

sub lock {
    flock MBOX, $LOCK_EX;
    # and, in case someone appended
    # while we were waiting...
    seek MBOX, 0, 2;
}

sub unlock {
    flock MBOX, $LOCK_UN;
}

open MBOX, ">>/usr/spool/mail/$ENV{'USER'}" or die "Can't open mailbox: $!";

lock();
print MBOX $msg, "\n\n";
unlock();

Note that flock is unlikely to work on a file being accessed through a network file system.
=====================================================
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Expert Comment

by:mwhuen
ID: 2684073
what is the use of
seek MBOX,0,2;
???
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LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:maneshr
ID: 2684103
seek MBOX, 0, 2;


seek FILEHANDLE, OFFSET, WHENCE

This function positions the file pointer for FILEHANDLE, just like the fseek(3) call of standard I/O. The first position in a file is at offset 0, not offset 1, and offsets refer to byte positions, not line numbers.
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 2684834
But since you opened MBOX with >> won't it automatically seek to the end to append?
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