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file counter?

Posted on 2000-04-03
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Last Modified: 2013-12-25
how to make a file (exclusive)file counter?
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Question by:syu1
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LVL 16

Accepted Solution

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maneshr earned 20 total points
ID: 2681557
Here's how you increment a number in a file, using flock:

use Fcntl qw(:DEFAULT :flock);

sysopen(FH, "numfile", O_RDWR|O_CREAT)                                    or die "can't open numfile: $!";
flock(FH, LOCK_EX) or die "can't write-lock numfile: $!";

# Now we have acquired the lock, it's safe for I/O
$num = <FH> || 0;                   # DO NOT USE "or" THERE!!
seek(FH, 0, 0)                      or die "can't rewind numfile : $!";
truncate(FH, 0)                     or die "can't truncate numfile: $!";
print FH $num+1, "\n"               or die "can't write numfile: $!";
close(FH)                           or die "can't close numfile: $!";

Closing the filehandle flushes the buffers and unlocks the file.
===========================================
NOTE: truncate EXPR, LENGTH

This function truncates the file opened on FILEHANDLE, or named by EXPR, to the specified length.
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Author Comment

by:syu1
ID: 2691940
thanks!

your answer is really work, but what is
 
truncate(FH, 0)                     or die "can't truncate numfile: $!";


really work?
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 2692004
perldoc -f truncate
=item truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH

=item truncate EXPR,LENGTH

Truncates the file opened on FILEHANDLE, or named by EXPR, to the
specified length.  Produces a fatal error if truncate isn't implemented
on your system.  Returns TRUE if successful, the undefined value
otherwise.
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LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:maneshr
ID: 2693572
Syu1,
glad to know that the solution worked for you.


Also here is a brief note about truncate

truncate FILEHANDLE, LENGTH
truncate EXPR, LENGTH

This function truncates the file opened on FILEHANDLE, or named by EXPR, to the specified length. The function produces a fatal error if truncate(2) or an equivalent isn't implemented on your system. (You can always truncate a file by copying the front of it, if you have the disk space.)


truncate(FH, 0)                     or die "can't truncate numfile: $!";

what the above means is if truncate fails then show the Error message "can't truncate numfile: <actual error message" and exit the Perl program with a nonzero exit status.

Hope that helps
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Author Comment

by:syu1
ID: 2697067
thanks lot! maneshr, I really appreciate it!
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LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:maneshr
ID: 2698620
youre welcome :-)
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