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How do I start a cron job?

Posted on 2000-04-08
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Last Modified: 2011-09-20
I want to start cron job that should run every day at a given time.
How do I do that?
How do I know if the cron daemon is started?
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Question by:rj2
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jlevie earned 100 total points
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Unless it's been specifially disabled, cron will be running by default on any Unix system. You can verify that it's running by executing "ps -ef | grep cron | grep -v grep" on a SysV box or "ps -ax | grep cron | grep -v grep" on BSD.

To schedule a cron job to be run, say from root's crontab, every day at 9pm you'd execute "crontab -e" as root and add a line like:

0 21 * * * /path-to/my-job

From a manpage for crontab(5) the date/time fields are:

field          allowed values
minute         0-59
hour           0-23
day of month   1-31
month          1-12 (or names, see below)
day of week    0-7 (0 or 7 is Sun, or use names)

A  field  may  be an asterisk (*), which always stands for ``first-last''. There are other possibilities for the date/time fields, see your manpage for crontab.
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