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Check Structure Byte Alignment

Posted on 2000-05-02
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Last Modified: 2013-11-20
Can i have some sample code to detect the structure byte alignment in the Project's setting during compilation.

If the setting is other then the default 8-byte alignment, prompt a message in the VC's output window and stop compiling.
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Question by:leowlf
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9 Comments
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2770215

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#ifndef CTASSERT_H
#define CTASSERT_H

// Use of ctassert<E>, where E is a constant expression,
// will cause a compile-time error unless E evaulates to
// a nonzero integral value.

template <bool t>
struct ctassert {
  enum { N = 1 - 2 * int(!t) };
    // 1 if t is true, -1 if t is false.
  static char A[N];
};

template <bool t>
char ctassert<t>::A[N];

#endif



void main()
{

#pragma pack(4)
   struct _test_struct_align { char a; double b; };

   printf("%d, %d\n", offsetof(struct _test_struct_align, a),
      offsetof(struct _test_struct_align, b));
   printf("%d\n", sizeof(struct _test_struct_align));

   // the below declaration will fail with error C2466 if the
   // packing size isn't exactly 8.

   ctassert <offsetof(struct _test_struct_align, b) == 8 > x;
}


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LVL 11

Accepted Solution

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mikeblas earned 50 total points
ID: 2770227
The problem is divided into two parts; finding the packing, and asserting that it's what you want.

The compile-time assert I use is a little hacky, so I borrowed one from one of the journals.

The code above will make a compile-time error if you've got a packing of 1, 2, or 4. But it won't work if you've got a packing of 16--I can't find a way to do that, since there are no intrinsic datatypes which have a size of at least 16 bytes.

..B ekiM

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Author Comment

by:leowlf
ID: 2886886
Answer accepted
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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2887971
Why only a "B" and not an "A"?  Was there something else that you needed?

..B ekiM
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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2891878
Why only a "B" and not an "A"?  Was there something else that you needed?

..B ekiM
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Author Comment

by:leowlf
ID: 2903880
"..it won't work if you've got a packing of 16 ..."  :(
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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2913421
> "..it won't work if you've got a packing of 16 ..."  

That's because 16-byte packing is broken in current versions of the compiler. That's not a shortcoming of my technique.

..B ekiM
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Author Comment

by:leowlf
ID: 2916585
i see, thanks.  
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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:mikeblas
ID: 2916778
> i see, thanks.  

Why didn't you ask about that before grading? Now, because of that misunderstanding, I'm stuck with a bad grade.

Since it's been so long, I assumed you decided to ignore the question.

..B ekiM
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