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Posted on 2000-05-11
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Last Modified: 2013-12-26
I have a text file that may have an improper character at a specific character position.  If this improper character is found, then it needs to be converted to a space.

Example: IF character 45 = 0 THEN
              character 45 should be " "

Can this be done with sed/awk?
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Question by:afpcos
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Expert Comment

by:geotiger
ID: 2801858
The following code will do it:

sed -e 's/your_chr/ /g' your_file > newfile
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Author Comment

by:afpcos
ID: 2801884
The problem is that the same character that is in character position 45 could be in several other character positions on the same line.  I only want to replace the one in character position 45.
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by:afpcos
ID: 2801885
The problem is that the same character that is in character position 45 could be in several other character positions on the same line.  I only want to replace the one in character position 45.
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Accepted Solution

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geotiger earned 120 total points
ID: 2801924
Did not read your question carefully in the last comment.

You may need to use awk instead of sed. Here is the solution: you can specify the location (pos), from character (fc), and to character (tc).


$ more tst_cc.awk

#!/bin/nawk -f
BEGIN{}
{ len = length($0)
  c1 = substr($0, 1, pos -1)
  c2 = substr($0, pos, 1)
  c3 = substr($0, pos+1, len - pos)
  if (c2==fc) { c2 = tc }
  print c1 c2 c3
}
END {}

$ more tst03.txt
  01/01/1999|01:20|0011|12|678...
  01/01/1999|03:20|0621||4...
  01/01/1999|05:41|0001|1|77...
$ ./tst_cc.awk pos=6 fc=0 tc=x tst03.txt
  01/x1/1999|01:20|0011|12|678...
  01/x1/1999|03:20|0621||4...
  01/x1/1999|05:41|0001|1|77...





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by:afpcos
ID: 2804409
Thanks!!!
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