Using Runtime() on UNIX platform

Here I am using a Runtime object to execute a small script file (through the Java Program) using the exec() method
of the Runtime class. I am using the exec command which is available in UNIX. When I run this it tells me that the command exec is not found. However I know it is there and when I try it by hand on the normal command line it works fine but nit through the Java program.

I have used the Runtime() before to do things like
  "cd DirNAme" - to change directories
  "cp  thisfile thatfile"
 to copy a files to another place etc. they worked and works just fine. But do not understand why this. I have also tried using the "source <scriptfilename>" through the Java Runtime() object. But it's the same problem.

Any expert out there would like to put his 2 cents?

ps: i am running on a SUN Ultra3500 plat form.

private static void runThis()
    String fileNameToRun = "testScript";

         Runtime rt =  Runtime.getRuntime();
         p = rt.exec("exec " + fileNameToRun);

    catch (Exception e) {System.out.println(e.getMessage());}
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Jim CakalicSenior Developer/ArchitectCommented:
Unless I've forgotten more Unix than I realized, exec is a builtin command of the shell. So when you try exec from the command line (your shell) it works fine because the shell knows what to do. But when you try to 'exec' exec you cannot because there is no executable in your PATH with that name. The answer is typically to 'exec' the shell and then supply exec as part of the command line. In other words:

        Runtime rt = Runtime.getRuntime();
        p = rt.exec("sh exec " + fileNameToRun);
    } catch (Exception e) {

You might have to play with this because there are likely additional shell arguments and quoting that you'll have to do to get it run correctly. For example, to get bash to run correctly on my system to invoke cat on a local file, this is the incantation I had to use:

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        Process proc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("bash -c \"exec cat " + args[0] + "\"");
        InputStream pin = proc.getInputStream();
        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(pin));
        String line;
        while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) {

Best regards,
Jim Cakalic

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prainAuthor Commented:
I am really thankful for your input.

Well, I tried it. But this time what I can see is that the
exception I was receiving previously is gone. I can see it is passing the call to the exec method in the Runtime object. But it is not really executing it.

This is what I did. It's very simple.
I have a script file named testme.scr within which I have put a simple echo statement like this:
     echo "Reading A Script File"

Then I do this:

private static void runThis()
   String fileNameToRun = "testme.scr";

        Runtime rt =  Runtime.getRuntime();
        p = rt.exec("sh source " + fileNameToRun);

   catch (Exception e) {System.out.println(e.getMessage());}

 **** No Luck

Further I changed the mode of the file testme.scr by using the chmod (by hand, and I can see its now an executable)

Then I ran this:

private static void runThis()
   String fileNameToRun = "testme.scr";

        Runtime rt =  Runtime.getRuntime();
        p = rt.exec("sh exec " + fileNameToRun);

   catch (Exception e) {System.out.println(e.getMessage());}

Its the same story. In both cases I do not see the string
   "Reading A Script File"

coming up on the screen.

But when I run the testme.scr by hand on the command line...

  itsMe<25> source tetsme.scr

I get the result. I tried several other ways as you have suggested. But no luck.

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Jim CakalicSenior Developer/ArchitectCommented:
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