Password protecting a file in linux

Posted on 2001-06-03
Last Modified: 2012-05-04
Is it possible to password protect a file in Linux ?
By this I mean that when anybody is going to view the file (whatever be the way he choose) it will ask for a password and if valid password is entered it will open the file.
                                 If any body found any hints or any suitable link just help me.
Question by:souvik_mss
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Expert Comment

ID: 6152852
I don't know if you can password protect a file, but you can set the permission to deny all from read or write except a spcific group and you can add users to that particular group.

Through the WeB, it is a whole different story and it is EASY,
hope this helps

Author Comment

ID: 6155120
I don't mean to protect file through the web. I am aware about the htaccess and I don't want this. File permission is good but I want to protect the file as it can be done in MS-Word. Even if the person know my login password then also he has to know the file password seperately to open the file.
Thanks for your help.
LVL 10

Expert Comment

ID: 6155264
man crypt
NFR key for Veeam Agent for Linux

Veeam is happy to provide a free NFR license for one year.  It allows for the non‑production use and valid for five workstations and two servers. Veeam Agent for Linux is a simple backup tool for your Linux installations, both on‑premises and in the public cloud.


Expert Comment

ID: 6159155
then why not use an archiving program, like tar or zip, etc?  I'm not if tar lets you add passwords to archives, but zip does (see

Accepted Solution

alien_life_form earned 25 total points
ID: 6171075
as mentioned by rbr crypt will let you do what you are
Safer protection may be achieved by using gnupg or pgp.

Though I have never used them to this end, the programs in the openssl suite perform this task in a way that's very similar to what crypt does (so I lump them with crypt
in what follows) but using muche stronger ciphers.

This means you will be able to:

(i) crypt your files with a password of your chosing (crypt) or with your (public) key (pgp/gnupg)

(ii) decrypt your files with the same password as in (i) or with your private key (*pg)

If you are using pgp or gnupg the crypt/decrypt process is authomated so you never need to know which password is being used  - OTOH, if you want to circulate the files you have encrypted, you will have to use a differente technique.

What you do not get is application level support for
your now encrypted files. I believe that the only en-user applications that have widespread  support for encryption are mail readers. (this means you'll have to manually decrypt your stuff before uou can use it.

If this is not acceptable, perhaps using the encryption built in zip eetension, as suggested by a previous poster.

If that is important

Expert Comment

ID: 6464037
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Expert Comment

ID: 9868826
No comment has been added lately, so it's time to clean up this TA.
I will leave the following recommendation for this question in the Cleanup topic area:

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