Solved

Newbie Question:  What do the different directories mean?

Posted on 2001-06-07
2
153 Views
Last Modified: 2010-04-20
I'm very new to Linux and want to find out more information regarding what the different directories mean such as:

/bin/
/var/
/etc/

I know there are more out there but that's all I can think of off the top of my head.

Thanks,
KABOOM!
0
Comment
Question by:KABOOM
[X]
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
2 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:bassque
ID: 6165906
0
 
LVL 4

Accepted Solution

by:
newmang earned 25 total points
ID: 6165917
There used to be a de-facto standard for directories under UNIX and UNIX-like operating systems, over the years this has been blurred with various different implementations placing files in non-"standard" places but generally the directory usage is somewhat like this...

/bin - applications that can be executed by all users
/sbin - applications that can be executed by root users only
/etc - config files, startup files (/etc/rc.d/...) and so forth
/var - files which change constantly - such as log files (/var/log/message...)
/lib - Libraries
/home - user home files (can also be under /export/home)
/dev - file-like representation of system hardware devices
/proc - file-like representation of software processes
/opt - optional software (/opt/bin, /opt/etc, /opt/lib etc)
/usr - usually user installed software (/usr/local/bin, /usr/local/sbin)

As I said, often files are in other places but most seem to conform to these standards more or less.

Cheers - Gavin
0

Featured Post

Independent Software Vendors: We Want Your Opinion

We value your feedback.

Take our survey and automatically be enter to win anyone of the following:
Yeti Cooler, Amazon eGift Card, and Movie eGift Card!

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
Zimbra on Amazon Linux help 7 150
IP 10.0.1.2 / 255.0.0.0 61 102
Samba 4, Users Permission, 5 105
Is Fedora an appropriate distro for the environment. 7 107
SSH (Secure Shell) - Tips and Tricks As you all know SSH(Secure Shell) is a network protocol, which we use to access/transfer files securely between two networked devices. SSH was actually designed as a replacement for insecure protocols that sen…
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how we can upgrade Python from version 2.7.6 to Python 2.7.10 on the Linux Mint operating system. I am using an Oracle Virtual Box where I have installed Linux Mint operating system version 17.2. Once yo…
Learn how to get help with Linux/Unix bash shell commands. Use help to read help documents for built in bash shell commands.: Use man to interface with the online reference manuals for shell commands.: Use man to search man pages for unknown command…
This demo shows you how to set up the containerized NetScaler CPX with NetScaler Management and Analytics System in a non-routable Mesos/Marathon environment for use with Micro-Services applications.
Suggested Courses

742 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question