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AIFF file header fields

Posted on 2001-06-12
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Last Modified: 2010-04-06
I'm trying to add support for AIFF files (Apple's native PCM audio file format) to a windows program. It works fine in different ways, but other programs which have this support seem to work with a slightly different structure. (Eg: Cool Edit, AWave, Gold Wave). There appear to be 2 less bytes in the COMM chunk before the sampling rate field, and two extra in the SSND field before the sound data.
 The structure I'm using adheres strictly to Apple's AIFF v1.3 documentation, but these other programs concurr on their own structure. I'm using Delphi 3, and here's what I'm doing...
 To write a file, I assign all the field values for the FORM, COMM and SSND chunks to fields in records, byte-reverse each numeric field, and then write the 2 records to disk. To read a file, I read X bytes to a buffer, assign its address to typed pointers, byte-reverse the fields, and get all the info from the records.
 If v1.3 of the format is ancient, or if I'm just stupid and wrong, then can someone please either tell me where to find the docs on the latest version, or fill me in on the proper structure. Following are the record types that I use...

 TrecAIFF_TOF = record
   HeaderCkID : Tarr4CC; { array of 4 char's }
   FileSize   : longint;
   FormatID   : Tarr4CC;
   FmtCkID    : Tarr4CC;
   FmtSize    : longint;
   NmbrChnls  : smallint;
   NmbrFrms   : cardinal;
   NmbrBits   : smallint;
   SmplRate   : extended;
 end;
 PrecAIFF_TOF = ^TrecAIFF_TOF;

 TrecAIFFSgnlHDR = record
   SgnlCkID   : Tarr4CC;    
   SgnlCkSize : longint;
   Offset     : longint;
   BlockSize  : longint;    
 end;                        
 PrecAIFFSgnlHDR = ^TrecAIFFSgnlHDR;


 A thousand thanks (and 50 points) to whoever is able to help!
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Question by:HorridMan
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robert_marquardt earned 50 total points
ID: 6181167
I would guess that the records are all packed record.

Is "SmplRate: extended;" really correct? Extended is a 10 Byte type whereas Double is a 8 Byte type.
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by:HorridMan
ID: 6189457
 Packed records work perfectly! I would never have thought of that myself. Incidentally, I tried at first using a longint for the SmplRate field, but strangely extended type does work. Goodness knows why they designed it that way.
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