Detect when Combo Box Retracts

Posted on 2001-06-12
Last Modified: 2010-05-02
I want to detect when a combobox drop down retracts.  The goal is to move focus to another control when the user selects an item.

Any other solution is equally acceptable

I have the following in the click event.

Private Sub Combo1_click()
End Sub

This works as I want if the user selects any item from the drop down list.  If the user clicks in the display area of the combobox and in effect re-selects the displayed item the focus remains on the combo box and the combo box has a blue background. I suppose the click event is not fired under this condition.

I found what I thought was the answer on the microsoft site in Q124058, but I cannot get it to work.

Any help is much appreciated.
Question by:MitchSavage

Expert Comment

ID: 6182859
you would have to hook the events of the combo box and see when it was closed.  I'll see if i can find some examples of this for you.  another route that is very good, and easy is to get the sheridan combo box.

Author Comment

ID: 6183141
Thanks jrspano.

You might look at the link to MS in my question.  It should work, but doesn't.  Or, any other solution you can provide.  I don't want to add any third party controls because of the extra baggage.

Expert Comment

ID: 6183260
Haven't gone through the MS article yet, but my through my first look I notice that the SendMessage line should now look like:
Declare Function SendMessage Lib _
    "user32" Alias "SendMessageA" _
   (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
    ByVal wMsg As Long, _
    ByVal wParam As Long, _
    lParam As Any) As Long
...I am guessing this article was not written with 32-bit programming in mind?

Anyway, when I get a few minutes I will try the actual demo.
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Accepted Solution

sharmon earned 100 total points
ID: 6183396

I tried out the MS demo and it was written for 16-bit windows.  I converted it over for you and everything is fine.  Here is the code.  Need a form with one combo box and one timer.

Option Explicit

Private Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" Alias "SendMessageA" _
  (ByVal hwnd As Long, ByVal wMsg As Long, _
  ByVal wParam As Long, lParam As Any) As Long


Private Sub Combo1_DropDown()
  Timer1.Interval = 1
  Timer1.Enabled = True
End Sub

Private Sub Form_Load()
  Combo1.AddItem "item# 1"
  Combo1.AddItem "item# 2"
  Combo1.AddItem "item# 3"
  Combo1.AddItem "item# 4"
End Sub

Sub Timer1_Timer()
  Dim lngStatus As Long
  lngStatus = SendMessage(Combo1.hwnd, CB_GETDROPPEDSTATE, 0&, 0&)
  If lngStatus = 0& Then
    Debug.Print "DropDown list retracted!"
    Timer1.Enabled = False
  End If
End Sub
LVL 16

Expert Comment

ID: 6183534

Expert Comment

ID: 6184020
I'm not sure how your form works, but I use the following: put KeyPreview = True in form_load, use SendKeys to send a {TAB} character to tab through the controls, and set the tabindex for all controls on the form.  Then I put the following in the Lostfocus event:

Private Sub cboCategory1_LostFocus()
    Dim r As Long
    r = SendMessageLong(cboCategory1.hWnd, CB_SHOWDROPDOWN, False, 0)
End Sub

When the user selects an item by mouse or enter key, the focus immediately goes to the next control without having to set it.  You may not need to use sendkeys if you don't want to tab with the enter key.
Declare Function SetWindowLong Lib "user32" Alias "SetWindowLongA" _
    (ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal nIndex As Long, ByVal dwNewLong As Long) As Long

Author Comment

ID: 6184036
Thanks sharmon,
This works exactly as I want.  I'll be glad when I learn more about vb, until then thanks to you and the other experts I'm getting there.
Best Regards,

Expert Comment

ID: 6184150
Your welcome, take care.


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