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C program linking Access database file

Posted on 2001-06-16
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Last Modified: 2008-03-17
How can I link my C program to a microsoft Access database file(search,change,and add data)?What header

files do I have to include?Do you have a sample program? (Using traditional C rather than visual C).Actually,i'm using visual C++ compiler but i don't want to use the capabilities of that compiler.I want the basics that can be handeled by any compiler.
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Question by:istiso
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by:KangaRoo
ID: 6197818
Using ODBC.

There used to be an ODBC sdk available from microsoft, but they change their site all the time, so my links are always failing :(
And very likely it is already included with VC.
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by:istiso
ID: 6197843
it is important to know the exact header file.
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Expert Comment

by:KangaRoo
ID: 6198400
Try <sql.h> which declares ODBC core functions
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Author Comment

by:istiso
ID: 6198478
error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'SQLHWND'
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by:makerp
ID: 6199908
i have gave this exmaple to a few people now, hope it helps

this is a simple example ive knocked up for you, create a simple access or sql server database and create
a system dsn for it in control panel. the open function uses global varaibles etc so you will probably
want to chage this.

/* for db stuff */
#include <windows.h>
#include <sql.h>
#include <sqlext.h>
#include <stdio.h>

HENV henv;
HDBC hdbc;
int dbopen=0;

/* opens a connection using global variables , bad i know */
#define PM_DSN "your_system_dsn"
#define PM_DSN_USER "your_db_username_if_any"
#define PM_DSN_PW "your_password_if_any"

int DBopen(void)
{
    int res=0;
    RETCODE retcode;
    /*allocate the environment handle*/
    if(SQLAllocEnv(&henv)==SQL_SUCCESS)
    {
         /*allocate the connection handle*/
         if(SQLAllocConnect(henv, &hdbc)==SQL_SUCCESS)
         {
              /* Set login timeout to 5 seconds. */
              SQLSetConnectOption(hdbc, SQL_LOGIN_TIMEOUT, 5);
              SQLSetConnectOption(hdbc, SQL_CURSOR_TYPE, SQL_CURSOR_STATIC);
              /* Connect to data source */
              retcode = SQLConnect(hdbc, PM_DSN, SQL_NTS, PM_DSN_USER, SQL_NTS, PM_DSN_PW, SQL_NTS);

              if (retcode == SQL_SUCCESS || retcode == SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO)
              {
                        res=1;
                        DATABASE_NAME = getDBName();
              }
         }
         else
         {
              SQLFreeConnect(hdbc);
         }
    }
    else
    {
         SQLFreeEnv(henv);
    }
    dbopen=res;
    return res;
}

void DBclose(void)
{
    if(dbopen)
    {
         SQLDisconnect(hdbc);
         SQLFreeConnect(hdbc);
         SQLFreeEnv(henv);
         if(DATABASE_NAME)
         {
              free(DATABASE_NAME);
         }
    }
    dbopen=0;
}
int DBexecute(char *sql,HSTMT *hstmt)
{
    int res=0;
    RETCODE retcode;

    if(SQLAllocStmt(hdbc, hstmt)== SQL_SUCCESS)
    {
         retcode=SQLPrepare(*hstmt,sql,strlen(sql));
         if(retcode==SQL_SUCCESS)
         {
              retcode=SQLExecute(*hstmt);
              if(retcode==SQL_SUCCESS)
              {
                   res=1;
              }
         }
    }
    return res;
}

void DBcloseCursor(HSTMT hstmt)
{
    SQLFreeStmt(hstmt, SQL_DROP);
}

void main()
{
    char sql[255];
    HSTMT fstmt;
    long lens;
    RETCODE retcode;
    char name[100];

    DBopen();

    sprintf(sql,"SELECT name FROM users");
    if(DBexecute(sql,&fstmt))
    {      
         SQLBindCol(fstmt,1,SQL_C_CHAR, name,sizeof(name),&lens);
         
         retcode = SQLFetch(fstmt);    
         while(retcode == SQL_SUCCESS || retcode == SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO)
         {
              printf("%s\n",name);
              retcode = SQLFetch(fstmt);
         }
         DBcloseCursor(fstmt);
    }
    else
    {  
         printf("DBexecute failure : %s\n",getStmtError(fstmt));    
         exit(1);
    }
    DBclose();
}
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Expert Comment

by:AlexVirochovsky
ID: 6247604
Other way see
http://www.1cplusplusstreet.com/xq/ASP/txtCodeId.1371/lngWId.3/qx/vb/scripts/ShowCode.htm

....
//**************************************
//    
// Name: Access MDB
// Description:To open MS Access or Ms S
//     QL server database using C/C++ or VC++
// By: Mokarrabin A Rahman
//
// Returns:Shows some recordsets
//
// Assumes:Change the name of the databa
//     se to any database and place it in the s
//     ame directory as the .exe. You shoul als
//     o change the SQL to your particular data
//     base. You may change the connect string
//     to connect to MS SQL Server.
//
// Side Effects:Great
//
//This code is copyrighted and has// limited warranties.Please see http://
//     www.1CPlusPlusStreet.com/xq/ASP/txtCodeI
//     d.1371/lngWId.3/qx/vb/scripts/ShowCode.h
//     tm//for details.//**************************************
//    

#import "c:\Program Files\Common Files\System\ADO\msado15.dll" \
no_namespace rename("EOF", "EndOfFile")
// This code comes from : www.geocities.
//     com/mokarrabin
#include <stdio.h>
#include <iostream.h>
void main(void)


    {
    CoInitialize(NULL);
    try


        {
        _RecordsetPtr pRst("ADODB.Recordset");
        // Connection String
        _bstr_t strCnn("DRIVER={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};UID=admin;DBQ=GBOOK.mdb");
              // Open table
             pRst->Open("SELECT * FROM ProductService where ProductService like '%samir%';", strCnn, adOpenStatic, adLockReadOnly, adCmdText);
             
              pRst->MoveFirst();


                  while (!pRst->EndOfFile) {
                       cout<<(char*) ((_bstr_t) pRst->GetFields()->GetItem("ProductService")->GetValue())<<endl;
                       pRst->MoveNext();
                  }
                  pRst->Close();
                 
        }
        catch (_com_error &e)


            {
            cout<<(char*) e.Description();
        }
        ::CoUninitialize();
    }
....
alex

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Accepted Solution

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AlexVirochovsky earned 50 total points
ID: 6351383
No reaction, I hope, you solved your problems.
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