Solved

How many serial ports are there?

Posted on 2001-06-18
3
206 Views
Last Modified: 2007-12-19
Hi
1.Does someone have a function()/api that returns the number of serial ports installed on a system.

2. Is there a better way to test if a serial port is free other than trying to open the port and checking for errors.

Thanks
/GavinS
0
Comment
Question by:GavinS
3 Comments
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:gbaren
ID: 6204732
Gavin,

I found looping through the ports to be the easiest. There are, other methods.

1. Registry Method 1
Enumerate all values in key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\HARDWARE\DEVICEMAP\SERIALCOMM. Key names will be \Device\Serial0, \Device\Serial1, etc. The value is that port's name: COM1, COM2, etc.

Don't make the common mistake: SERIALCOMM is the key. \Device\Serial0 is the value name, slashes and all.

Drawback: You can not use scrrun.dll's Registry functions because you can not enumerate. Must use RegEnumKey.


2. Registry Method 2
Get the value from key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\COM Name Arbiter\. Value name COMDB. The first byte should tell you the next x for COMx to be assigned. I have not been able to verify this conclusively.

Drawback: You can have COM1, COM2 and COM8. Next is COM9 but that does not mean you have 8 ports.







0
 

Accepted Solution

by:
sachin_nigam earned 100 total points
ID: 6205183
hi
One thing that you can do is try opening ports from number 1 to 16 in binary mode...if a port can be opened that means that port number is available..if cannot that means that port number isn't..here is the code snippet:-

..
Dim ffree as integer,i as integer,intPort as integer

for i = 1 to 16
On Error Resume Next
ffree = freefile
Open "COM" & cstr(i) For Binary Shared as #ffree
if Err.Number = 0 then ''means Port isd available
intPort = intPort + 1
Close #ffree
end if
Next
Msgbox "Number of Ports:-" & intPort

..
Hope this helps
Cheers
Sachin
0
 

Author Comment

by:GavinS
ID: 6208840
Hhmmm, Wasn't quite what I was after, but that will do for now. I've seen api functions posted on various vb web sites in the past that return the number of com port installed, but do you think I could find the damn things when I really wanted it. Not on your nelly!    -Thanks

Regards
/GavinS

0

Featured Post

Free Tool: Path Explorer

An intuitive utility to help find the CSS path to UI elements on a webpage. These paths are used frequently in a variety of front-end development and QA automation tasks.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Introduction While answering a recent question (http://www.experts-exchange.com/Q_27402310.html) in the VB classic zone, I wrote some VB code in the (Office) VBA environment, rather than fire up my older PC.  I didn't post completely correct code o…
This article describes some techniques which will make your VBA or Visual Basic Classic code easier to understand and maintain, whether by you, your replacement, or another Experts-Exchange expert.
Get people started with the utilization of class modules. Class modules can be a powerful tool in Microsoft Access. They allow you to create self-contained objects that encapsulate functionality. They can easily hide the complexity of a process from…
This lesson covers basic error handling code in Microsoft Excel using VBA. This is the first lesson in a 3-part series that uses code to loop through an Excel spreadsheet in VBA and then fix errors, taking advantage of error handling code. This l…

830 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question