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Keyboard hooks

Posted on 2001-06-24
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Last Modified: 2010-05-02
i set a keyboard hook when my form is loaded and i'm using the lparam to highlight keys on my virtual keyboard my problem is how do i tell a difference between the left and right control or alt keys?
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Question by:Ryan9999
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Expert Comment

by:Ark
ID: 6223307
Private Declare Function GetAsyncKeyState Lib "user32" Alias "GetAsyncKeyState" (ByVal vKey As Long) As Integer
Private Const VK_LSHIFT = &HA0
Private Const VK_RSHIFT = &HA1
Private Const VK_LCONTROL = &HA2
Private Const VK_RCONTROL = &HA3
Private Const VK_LMENU = &HA4
Private Const VK_RMENU = &HA5


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Author Comment

by:Ryan9999
ID: 6223570
that doesn't seem to be working
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Expert Comment

by:Ark
ID: 6223879
Hi
another way:

Private Function IsBitSet(iBitString As Long, ByVal lBitNo As Integer) As Boolean
    If lBitNo = 31 Then
        IsBitSet = iBitString < 0
    Else
        IsBitSet = iBitString And (2 ^ lBitNo)
    End If
End Function

Now in your hook callback function:
If IsBitSet(lParam,24) Then
Debug.print "Right shift or control pressed"

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Author Comment

by:Ryan9999
ID: 6224157
I must be doing something wrong because that isn't working either here is the code i am using in my module

Option Explicit

Private Declare Function SetWindowsHookEx Lib "user32" Alias "SetWindowsHookExA" _
(ByVal idHook As Long, ByVal lpfn As Long,ByVal hmod As Long, _
ByVal dwThreadId As Long) As Long

Private Declare Function UnhookWindowsHookEx Lib "user32" (ByVal idHook As Long) As Long

Dim hHook As Long

Public Sub HookKeyboard()
  hHook = SetWindowsHookEx(2, AddressOf Keyboard, App.hInstance, 0)
End Sub

Public Sub UnhookKeyboard()
  If hHook Then
    UnhookWindowsHookEx hHook
    hHook = 0
  End If
End Sub

Private Function Keyboard(ByVal idHook As Long, ByVal lParam As Long, _
  ByVal wParam As Long) As Long

  Form1.Caption = lParam
End Function

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Accepted Solution

by:
Ark earned 200 total points
ID: 6225543
Corrcetions on your code:

1.    hHook = SetWindowsHookEx(WH_KEYBOARD, AddressOf Keyboard, App.hInstance, App.ThreadID)

2. Function Keyboard(ByVal idHook As Long, ByVal wParam As Long, ByVal lParam As Long) As Long
    If idHook < 0 Then
        Keyboard = CallNextHookEx(hHook, idHook, wParam, ByVal lParam)
    Else
       If IsBitSet(lParam,24) Then  
          Form1.Caption = wParam & " (Right)"
       Else
          Form1.Caption = wParam
       End if
    End If
End Function

Cheers
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