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Array of TBitmaps (#2)

Posted on 2001-07-13
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
I'm still having some trouble with an array of TBitmaps in bcb4. I'm declaring it like this:

Graphics::TBitmap *Pictures[10] = {new Graphics::TBitmap};

But when I try any operations on the array, like

Pictures[i]->Transparent = true;
or
Pictures[i]->LoadFromResourceID((int)HInstance,i + 1500);

I get an EAccessViolation with message 'Access violation at address blahblah Read of address FFFFFFFF. What am I doing wrong? If I change Pictures to be a single TBitmap, it works fine.
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Question by:TropicalFish
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2 Comments
 
LVL 22

Expert Comment

by:nietod
ID: 6281670
You coudl have asked this on the previous question.  (its close enough and you offered enough points)

The code

Graphics::TBitmap *Pictures[10] = {new Graphics::TBitmap};

creates an array of 10 pointers to TBitmap objects.  It initalizes the first pointer (Pictures[0]  (not 1) ) to point to a new dynamically allocated object.  The remaining 9 pointers are left uninitialzied.  If you try to dereference them, you are using an invlaid pointer and will probalby crash.
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LVL 22

Accepted Solution

by:
nietod earned 400 total points
ID: 6281688
If you want to initialize each of the 10 entries, you have to do something like

Graphics::TBitmap *Pictures[10] = {new Graphics::TBitmap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap,
                                                         new Graphics::TBitMap};

Or better yet (maybe better)

Graphics::TBitmap *Pictures[10];

for (inti i = 0; i < 10; ++i)
   Pictures[i] = new Graphics::TBitMap;

AND REMEMBER the array is zero based.  You use an index of 0 to access the first item.

Also is there a reason why you are using an array of pointers to objects, rather than an array of the objects directly?  (Sometimes that is necesary, but if not, its a lot of extra work for nothing.)
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