Solved

Efficient way to convert DOM to an OutputStream or String

Posted on 2001-07-16
5
339 Views
Last Modified: 2007-11-27
Does anyone know how to convert a large Document into a String or OutputStream?

public static final String getXML(Document document) throws Exception {
       try {
       OutputFormat  format   = new OutputFormat(document);  
       StringWriter stringOut = new StringWriter();      
       XMLSerializer  serial  = new XMLSerializer( stringOut, format );  
       serial.asDOMSerializer();                
       serial.serialize(document.getDocumentElement());
       return stringOut.toString();
       }
     catch(Exception e) {
       throw new Exception("XML to String Err: " + e);
     }
  }

I am using the latest xerces.jar

This blows up at around 30000 records.

0
Comment
Question by:jerelw
  • 3
5 Comments
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:jerelw
ID: 6287835
Exact Error:

java.lang.OutOfMemoryError:
     at java.lang.StringBuffer.expandCapacity(StringBuffer.java:202)
     at java.lang.StringBuffer.append(StringBuffer.java:455)
     at java.io.StringWriter.write(StringWriter.java:86)
     at java.io.Writer.write(Writer.java:107)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.Printer.printText(Printer.java:258)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.content(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:1044)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.characters(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:1070)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.serializeNode(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:900)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.XMLSerializer.serializeElement(XMLSerializer.java:639)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.serializeNode(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:945)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.XMLSerializer.serializeElement(XMLSerializer.java:639)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.serializeNode(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:945)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.XMLSerializer.serializeElement(XMLSerializer.java:639)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.serializeNode(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:945)
     at org.apache.xml.serialize.BaseMarkupSerializer.serialize(BaseMarkupSerializer.java:405)
     at com.am2.data.JDBCWrap.getResultSet(JDBCWrap.java:423)
     at com.am2.data.JDBCWrap.getResultSetXML(JDBCWrap.java:346)
     at com.am2.data.JDBCWrap.getResultSetXML(JDBCWrap.java:337)
     at com.am2.data.search.DataSearch.getResultSetXML(DataSearch.java:40)
     at com.am2.server.Test.process(Test.java:184)
     at com.am2.server.Module.run(Module.java:133)
     at Am2Web.doProcess(Am2Web.java:78)
     at Am2Web.doGet(Am2Web.java:33)
     at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:715)
     at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:840)
     at com.sun.web.core.ServletWrapper.handleRequest(ServletWrapper.java:155)
     at com.sun.web.core.InvokerServlet.service(InvokerServlet.java:168)
     at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:840)
     at com.sun.web.core.ServletWrapper.handleRequest(ServletWrapper.java:155)
     at com.sun.web.core.Context.handleRequest(Context.java:414)
     at com.sun.web.server.ConnectionHandler.run(ConnectionHandler.java:139)

0
 
LVL 7

Expert Comment

by:Igor Bazarny
ID: 6288071
Hi,

Do you really need an in-memory String representation? Can you turn your public static final String getXML(Document document) throws Exception
into public static final void getXML(Document document, Writer consumer) throws Exception? Than you can redirect output to consumer, handle it (write to servlet out stream) and decrease memory requirements.

BTW, few style notes:
- static methods are final by default--there is no way to override static method.
- your method of exception handling hides stack trace of nested exception. I believe, there is no need to catch Exception if you intend to throw same or less specific exception type. If you need to change exception type, take care that exception you throw contains nested exception and adds nested exception stack trace to newly throws exception stack trace.  

Regards,
Igor Bazarny
0
 

Accepted Solution

by:
rakeshshringi earned 50 total points
ID: 6289677
For me it works fine:

public static String domToStr(Document doc) {

    long time1 = System.currentTimeMillis();

    OutputFormat format = new OutputFormat(doc);    // Serialize DOM
    StringWriter stringOut = new StringWriter();    // Writer will be a String

    try {
      XMLSerializer serial = new XMLSerializer(stringOut, format);
      serial.asDOMSerializer();    // As a DOM Serializer
      serial.serialize(doc.getDocumentElement());
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      cat.error(e.toString());
    }

    long time2 = System.currentTimeMillis();
    Utils.timeLog("domToStr", time1, time2);

//    return normalize(stringOut.toString());    // Spit out DOM as a normalized String
    return stringOut.toString();    // Spit out DOM as a String

  }
0
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:jerelw
ID: 6289823
For me it works fine:

It works for me, too.

When I generate a Document of over 30000 records, however, I run out of memory...

Is there another way to convert the Document to a String more efficiently?
0
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:jerelw
ID: 6290066
you're right rakeshshringi, but how do I convert my Document into an InputSource so I can resolve it against an XSL?
0

Featured Post

Free Tool: SSL Checker

Scans your site and returns information about your SSL implementation and certificate. Helpful for debugging and validating your SSL configuration.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
servlet  URL Rewriting 1 42
Java: How do I open the default windows program for a given file type 3 41
jboss wildfly 10.1 10 251
running on tomcat not jboss eap 7.0 3 19
Java contains several comparison operators (e.g., <, <=, >, >=, ==, !=) that allow you to compare primitive values. However, these operators cannot be used to compare the contents of objects. Interface Comparable is used to allow objects of a cl…
Are you developing a Java application and want to create Excel Spreadsheets? You have come to the right place, this article will describe how you can create Excel Spreadsheets from a Java Application. For the purposes of this article, I will be u…
Viewers will learn about basic arrays, how to declare them, and how to use them. Introduction and definition: Declare an array and cover the syntax of declaring them: Initialize every index in the created array: Example/Features of a basic arr…
This tutorial explains how to use the VisualVM tool for the Java platform application. This video goes into detail on the Threads, Sampler, and Profiler tabs.

821 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question