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How to do graphics in C

I'm learning C using MS Visual c++
Can I do graphics in C?
Something easy like coloured text or maybe simple graphics?
ASCII is ok but want to do more.
Thanks.
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kapai
Asked:
kapai
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1 Solution
 
hongjunCommented:
MS Visual C++? Ok try this

#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <conio.h>

void SetAttribute(HANDLE hOutput, int x, int y, int z, unsigned short Attribute);
void PrintXY(HANDLE hOutput, int x, int y, char *string);


void main()
{
     HANDLE hOutput;

     hOutput = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);

     SetAttribute(hOutput, 1, 1, strlen("Hello World"), FOREGROUND_RED);
     PrintXY(hOutput, 0, 0, "Hello World");
}



// set the color of text
void SetAttribute(HANDLE hOutput, int x, int y, int z, unsigned short Attribute)
{
     DWORD cWritten;
     COORD coord;

     for ( int i=0; i<z; i++)
     {
          coord.X = x + i;
          coord.Y = y;
          WriteConsoleOutputAttribute(
               hOutput,    // screen buffer handle
               &Attribute, // pointer to source string
               (DWORD)1,   // length of string
               coord,      // first cell to write to
               &cWritten); // actual number written
     }
}

// print string literally onto screen at specified position
void PrintXY(HANDLE hOutput, int x, int y, char *string)
{
     DWORD cWritten;
     COORD coord;

     coord.X = x;
     coord.Y = y;

     WriteConsoleOutputCharacter(
          hOutput,         // screen buffer handle
          string,          // pointer to source string
          lstrlen(string), // length of string
          coord,           // first cell to write to
          &cWritten);      // actual number written
}

hongjun
0
 
hongjunCommented:
The last parameter of the SetAttribute function can be of any of the below combinations.

FOREGROUND_RED
FOREGROUND_GREEN
FOREGROUND_BLUE
FOREGROUND_INTENSITY
BACKGROUND_RED
BACKGROUND_GREEN
BACKGROUND_BLUE
BACKGROUND_INTENSITY

To get white foreground colour and red background colour, use this combination.
SetAttribute(hOutput, 1, 1, strlen("Hello World"), FOREGROUND_RED|FOREGROUND_GREEN|FOREGROUND_BLUE|BACKGROUND_RED);

hongjun
0
 
hongjunCommented:
Any progress?

hongjun
0
What Kind of Coding Program is Right for You?

There are many ways to learn to code these days. From coding bootcamps like Flatiron School to online courses to totally free beginner resources. The best way to learn to code depends on many factors, but the most important one is you. See what course is best for you.

 
kapaiAuthor Commented:
Ran it, not sure about couple things but it does the job.
Compiler doesn't like the way you declare 'int i' then tried to use it in 'for' loop.
Double points if you can tell me how to change entire background color.
0
 
hongjunCommented:
>>change entire background color

Try this. It works for me. I am setting background colour to be bright yellow.

for ( i=0; i<=46; i++ )
{
     // setting foreground color of main menu
     SetAttribute(0, i, 100, BACKGROUND_RED|BACKGROUND_GREEN|BACKGROUND_INTENSITY);
     for ( j=0; j<100; j++ )
          PrintXY(0, i, " ");
}

hongjun
0
 
kapaiAuthor Commented:
Thanks, didnt realise they put an upper limit on points.
0
 
hongjunCommented:
Haha you could always create a question just for me if you wish to give more :)

hongjun
0
 
kapaiAuthor Commented:
Dont worry got lots of questions
hehehe
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