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Questions on Linux installation

Posted on 2001-08-04
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Last Modified: 2013-12-15
Hi, I'm a newbie in Linux, currently has Linux 7.1 and wanna install it for home usage.
My first HDD is 15 GB. Intend to install both Linux 7.1 and Windows 2000 onto it, while making it dual boot. My second HDD is 20 GB (currently as secondary slave) is totally in FAT32, containing various datas only

Some questions as below :

1. Which OS should I install first ?
   (concern about which one would write into MBR)

2. Wonder if my partition is fine ?

   /          hda1     2 GB     Linux Native
   /boot     hda5     20 M     Linux Native
   <swap>     hda6     256 M     Limux Swap
   /home     hda7     ?     Linux Native
   /var          hda8     ?     Linux Native
   /tmp          hda9     ?     Linux Native
   /usr          hda10     ?     Linux Native
     *** All above will take up "8 GB"
   ======================================
   /win2k     hda11     2 GB     Win FAT 32
   /win_app     hda12     5 GB     Win FAT 32
     *** All above will take up "7 GB"


3. But I learnt that swap partition is better to be
   set on the edge of the disk so it can perform
   better. Is that true ?

   If yes, can I make the <swap> become the last,
   i.e. after the /win_app ?

4. Someone told me that /usr must be set the last,
   or else some problems will be encountered.
   Is that true ?

Hope to hear some good suggestions and advices !!
:)
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Question by:shchong2
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Accepted Solution

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xberry earned 75 total points
ID: 6353030
Do you really need to have Win2000 on your System ?
(You install REDHAT 7.1 don't you ?)
OK, if you are in the mood of pioneering then why not trying this:
http://www.europe.redhat.com/documentation/mini-HOWTO/Multiboot-with-GRUB-2.php3

Else given:

1. If you need to have Win 2000 on then install it first & use it's bootloader to start Linux. There is a mini HOWTO coming with RedHat 7.1, it's called 'NT bootloader & LINUX'. Please refer to that for the exact steps. Win2000 bootloader need to go into MBR & start files onto first partition. It is not recommended to install the Win2000 bootloader onto a NTFS partition, because Linux can't write to NTFS filesystem.

2. After your Windows partition, as early as possible, create a /boot partition for Linux to avoid possible 1024 cylinder problems.

3. I don't know of any preferences or restrictions for Linux swap.

4. Whoever told you that, could he explain his 'theory' ?
    I personally don' t know of any such limitating 'rules' for creating /usr.
    It just doesn't make sense.
     
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Expert Comment

by:phirephly
ID: 6365457
I'm no Unix expert but I've heard, and I think seen Win blowing away LILO and declaring itself god of the MBR when it's installed. If this is still true for Win2000 (and prolly is, I'd imagine), you'd wanna install Win200 first and let it think it has complete control, then install RH and let it take control with LILO (or whatever boot loader you like). I think RH usually leans towards LILO, and I think that may be the way you'd wanna go. You can use RH's LILO and if you want, set the default OS to Win. I don't know anything about the bootloader in Win200 that xberry is talking about so I can't say anything about that either way. I haven't had any desire whatsoever to pugrade past Win98 for my home purposes. What do you think about LILO xberry?

regarding all the rest of your questions, I think xberry's said anything I might have :)
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Expert Comment

by:xberry
ID: 6369197
What you say about installation of Windows & LILO into MBR is absolutely right. I once tried it the other way round, first LILO & then Windows but no go for that. Windows wants to be first, no matter what, so do it the favour & install LILO as last. LILO pushes Windows out of MBR again & takes over control of the boot procedure.

I also agree on what you think about anything past WIN 98. Of course it always depends on what your purpose is. Some people may really
need to run on Windows 2000 for any reason whatsoever.
Personally I had never a desire for it either, just for a single place
workstation a dual boot with Win2k would be way too much.  

LILO is a really comfortable bootloader. I've seen it running in the Master boot record with Win 3.11 & Win9.x on dual boot systems no problem at all. As far as Windows 2000 or NT is concerned I won't be able to tell you an likewise easy LILO solution though.  

   







   

 
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