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redirection of stdout & stderr

Posted on 2001-08-08
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
I've been trying to redirect output of errors from a script job (through cron) to mailx. This works fine, but I loose the stderr going out to the logfile. Ideally I'd like to get stderr & stdout to a log file AND stderr on it's own to mailx.
e.g.
/tmp/test > /tmp/test.log 2 > 'mailx root'

I've been playing with variations of using "tee" to output to two destinations, but no joy...
I've also tried to manipulate file descriptors but still no joy...
e.g.
/tmp/test > /tmp/test.log 3>&2 2>&1 3 > 'mailx root'

am I going in the right direction or lost altogether ?
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Question by:ferguswilson
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8 Comments
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:ecw
ID: 6367753
/tmp/test 2>&1 >/tmp/test.log | mailx root
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Author Comment

by:ferguswilson
ID: 6368768
ecw,
your suggestion is doing the same thing
it just directs the errors FROM the logfile TO mailx
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Expert Comment

by:ecw
ID: 6375616
If you don't mind using a tempfile, maybe ...

  (/tmp/test 2>&1 1>&3 | tee /tmp/test.err) > /tmp/test.log 3>&1 ; test -z /tmp/test.err || mailx root < /tmp/test.err

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Author Comment

by:ferguswilson
ID: 6383407
not really, temp files wouldn't really be a good idea. If I was to go down the road of extra files, I'd be taking a different route than this.
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Accepted Solution

by:
ahoffmann earned 400 total points
ID: 6383508
(script > logfile) 2>&1|tee -a logfile|mailx root
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Expert Comment

by:paulqna
ID: 6383726
Basically you can:

  1.redirect stdout to a file
  2.redirect stderr to a file
  3.redirect stdout to a stderr
  4.redirect stderr to a stdout
  5.redirect stderr and stdout to a file
  6.redirect stderr and stdout to stdout
  7.redirect stderr and stdout to stderr

Consider this:
exec 3>&1; script 2>&1 1>&3 3>&- | mailx root 1>&2 3>&-

Normal output would be unaffected. The closes there were in case something really cared about all its FDs. We send stderr to sed, and then put it back out 2.

Or did I misunderstood the original question ? ;)
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Author Comment

by:ferguswilson
ID: 6383829
ahoffmann,
this done the trick for me, thanks.
for the record though, it sent an email even if there wern't any errors going to stderr;
e.g.
Your "cron" job
(/sys/test > /sys/test.log) 2>&1|tee /sys/test.log|mailx root
 produced the following output:
UX:mailx: WARNING: No message !?!  Message not sent

...but putting in || at the end resolved it
(/sys/test > /sys/test.log) 2>&1|tee /sys/test.log||mailx root

thanks for your help,
Fergus.
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Expert Comment

by:ahoffmann
ID: 6383935
aah, nice trick: ||
You got used to shells ;-)
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