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drawing a grid over an image component

Posted on 2001-08-20
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Last Modified: 2008-02-01
Hi guys,

I want to draw a grid (the size of it can be variable) over a timage. With a '+' button I must make the grid with more lines and with a '-' button i must make it with less lines... Finally, with another button I want to show/hide the grid...

Any ideas?

best regards,
Manuel Lopez (lopem)
0
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Question by:lopem
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8 Comments
 
LVL 6

Accepted Solution

by:
zebada earned 200 total points
ID: 6408359
Try this code:

unit main;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, StdCtrls,
  ExtCtrls, Math;

type
  TGrid = class(TGraphicControl)
  private
    image: TImage;
    FRowSize: integer;
    FColSize: integer;
    FVisible: boolean;
    procedure SetColSize(const Value: integer);
    procedure SetRowSize(const Value: integer);
    procedure PaintGrid;
    procedure SetVisible(const Value: boolean);
  public
    constructor Create(AOwner: TComponent; AImage: TImage); reintroduce;
    procedure Paint; override;
    property RowSize: integer read FRowSize write SetRowSize;
    property ColSize: integer read FColSize write SetColSize;
    property Visible: boolean read FVisible write SetVisible;
  end;

  TImageGrid = class(TImage)
  private
    FGrid: TGrid;
  public
    constructor Create(AOwner: TComponent); override;
    destructor Destroy; override;
    property Grid: TGrid read FGrid;
    property AutoSize;
  end;

  TfGrid = class(TForm)
    btnPlus: TButton;
    btnMinus: TButton;
    btnNone: TButton;
    procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
    procedure FormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
    procedure btnPlusClick(Sender: TObject);
    procedure btnMinusClick(Sender: TObject);
    procedure btnNoneClick(Sender: TObject);
  private
    Image: TImageGrid;
  public
  end;

var
  fGrid: TfGrid;

implementation

{$R *.DFM}

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TfGrid.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Image := TImageGrid.Create(self);
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TfGrid.FormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
begin
  if ( Assigned(Image) ) then
    Image.Free;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TfGrid.btnPlusClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Image.Grid.RowSize := Image.Grid.RowSize+1;
  Image.Grid.ColSize := Image.Grid.ColSize+1;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TfGrid.btnMinusClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Image.Grid.RowSize := Image.Grid.RowSize-1;
  Image.Grid.ColSize := Image.Grid.ColSize-1;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TfGrid.btnNoneClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Image.Grid.Visible := not Image.Grid.Visible;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
// TGrid
// _________________________________________________________________________
constructor TGrid.Create(AOwner: TComponent; AImage: TImage);
begin
  inherited Create(AOwner);
  Parent := (AOwner as TWinControl);
  image := AImage;

  Left := image.Left;
  Top := image.Top;
  Width := image.Width;
  Height := image.Height;
  FRowSize := 10;
  FColSize := 10;
  FVisible := true;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TGrid.SetColSize(const Value: integer);
begin
  FColSize := Max(2,Value);
  Invalidate;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TGrid.SetRowSize(const Value: integer);
begin
  FRowSize := Max(2,Value);
  Invalidate;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TGrid.SetVisible(const Value: boolean);
begin
  FVisible := Value;
  Invalidate;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TGrid.Paint;
begin
  inherited;
  PaintGrid;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
procedure TGrid.PaintGrid;
var
  r,c: integer;
begin
  if ( (FRowSize<=0) or (FColSize<=0) ) then
    exit;

  if ( not FVisible ) then
    exit;

  Canvas.Pen.Mode := pmCopy;
  Canvas.Pen.Color := clWhite;
  Canvas.Pen.Width := 1;
  Canvas.Pen.Style := psSolid;

  r := 0;
  c := 0;
  while ( r<Width ) do
  begin
    Canvas.MoveTo(r,0);
    Canvas.LineTo(r,Height);
    Inc(r,FRowSize);
  end;

  while ( c<Height ) do
  begin
    Canvas.MoveTo(0,c);
    Canvas.LineTo(Width,c);
    Inc(c,FColSize);
  end;
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
// TImageGrid
// _________________________________________________________________________
constructor TImageGrid.Create(AOwner: TComponent);
begin
  inherited;
  Parent := (AOwner as TWinControl);
  Left := 50;
  Top := 10;
  try
    Picture.LoadFromFile('background.bmp');
    Stretch := true;
  except
    on e:Exception do
    begin
      Width := 100;
      Height := 100;
    end;
  end;
  FGrid := TGrid.Create(AOwner,self);
end;

// _________________________________________________________________________
destructor TImageGrid.Destroy;
begin
  if ( Assigned(FGrid) ) then
    FGrid.Free;
  Inherited;
end;

end.
0
 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:delphi3
ID: 6420525
lopem,

I know that this is just a curiosity. I have made a few changes to what
has been given by zebada: Nice work.

This makes the original background image to be controlling size.

constructor TImageGrid.Create(AOwner: TComponent);
begin
  inherited;
  Parent := (AOwner as TWinControl);
  Left := 10;  // moved it to the left
  Top := 10;
  try
    Picture.LoadFromFile('Background.bmp');
    Stretch := true;
  //except
   // on e: Exception do
    begin
      Width := Picture.Width;
      Height := Picture.Height;
      //Width := 100;
      //Height := 100;
    end;
 // end;
    FGrid := TGrid.Create(AOwner, self);
  finally
  end;
end;

and this allows a change in the picture after the original.

procedure TfGrid.FormDblClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
 // clicking any place on the open space on the form but not the picture
 // select a .bmp file
 // it will assume the size of the original background
  if OpenDialog1.Execute then
     Image.Picture.LoadFromFile(OpenDialog1.FileName);
end;
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LVL 3

Author Comment

by:lopem
ID: 6422574
Thank you for your  efforts... I will look at them this weekend.

Best regards,
Manuel Lopez (lopem)
0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:Moondancer
ID: 7014782
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LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:Moondancer
ID: 7094026
August 24, 2001 you said you'd look at this, still open today, despite my request.  Please award and close this.
Moondancer - EE Moderator

0
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:lopem
ID: 7094091
Moondancer,

How I can split points between Zebada and Delphi3 users? I want to give an 'A'   grade...

best regards,
Manuel Lopez (lopem)

0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:Computer101
ID: 7328947
Points reduced for split.  Comment from expert accepted as answer.  Delphi3, look for your question in this topic area

Computer101
E-E Admin
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