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Question about java focus handling...

Posted on 2001-08-21
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
My predecessor has written the following class.

**********
package FancyAWT;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import FancyAWT.Misc;

public class FancyTextField extends TextField implements KeyListener, FocusListener, ActionListener{

    public static final Color       ENABLED_BACKGROUND_COLOR = Color.white;
    public static final Color       ENABLED_FOREGROUND_COLOR = Color.black;
    public static final Color       DISABLED_BACKGROUND_COLOR = new Color(220,220,220);
    public static final Color       DISABLED_FOREGROUND_COLOR = Color.black;

    private boolean                 focusTraversable = true;
    private HandleAwtAction         owner;
    private Color                   foreGround = Color.black;
    private Color                   backGround = Color.white;
    private Font                    font       = Misc.font;


    public FancyTextField(int value, boolean editable, HandleAwtAction parent){
        super(value);

        owner = parent;
     if(editable){
            setForeground(foreGround);
            setBackground(backGround);
     }
     else {
         setForeground(Color.black);
         setBackground(Color.lightGray);
     }
        setFont(font);
            setEditable(editable);
            addActionListener(this);
            addKeyListener(this);
            addFocusListener(this);

        }

     public void setFocusTraversable(boolean value){
         focusTraversable = value;
     }

     public boolean isFocusTraversable(){
         return focusTraversable;
     }

     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e){
         owner.handleEvent(e.getSource());
     }

    public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e){
        owner.handleKey(e); // 6/3/2000
    }

    public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e){}

    public void keyTyped(KeyEvent e) {
           }

    public void focusGained(FocusEvent e){
        owner.handleFocus(e.getComponent());
    }

    public void focusLost(FocusEvent e){}

        public void setEditable(boolean b) {
        super.setEditable(b);
        if (b) {
            setForeground(ENABLED_FOREGROUND_COLOR);
            setBackground(ENABLED_BACKGROUND_COLOR);
        }
        else {
            setForeground(DISABLED_FOREGROUND_COLOR);
            setBackground(DISABLED_BACKGROUND_COLOR);
        }
    }
}
***************

when i create a instance of this class by
   FancyTextField ftf = new FancyTe..........
and calling method setFocusTraversable(boolean b) by
   ftf.setFocustraversable(false),

I am able to achieve not sending focus to the parctular field when i press tab key...Really i am not getting how its happening.  I understood by this just i am setting a a boolean value for variable focusTraversable which is declared here itself. What its doing actually, can anybody explain me about this?
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Question by:vinaykn
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10 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:poluru
ID: 6412413
Iam not sure...but,
May be this is implemented in HandleAWTEvent class. When u press the tab key he may be calling ur class's isFocusTraversable(), if it returns true will give focus else not.
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LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 6412596
The focus manager calls this method (among others) to determine if a component is traversable in the focus cycle.

0
 

Author Comment

by:vinaykn
ID: 6412717
can you explain me clearly. How focus manager is calling this this method?

poluru: Nothing to do with HandleAWTEvent. Its just interface defining somemethond, not at all isFocusTraversable().

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LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 6412731
The focus manager manages how focus traverses thru your component hierarchy.
Before focus is moved to a component isFocusTransferable() is called to check if this is valid.
0
 

Author Comment

by:vinaykn
ID: 6412869
Yeah.. .  But how here isFocusTraversable() returning false, just by my setting my boolean variable whichis named 'focusTraversable' in my programme, is false.
0
 
LVL 92

Accepted Solution

by:
objects earned 200 total points
ID: 6415764
Sorry I'm a bit unsure what you're confused about.
You call setFocusTransferable(false) which sets the member variable focusTransferable to false. So when you hit <Tab> and the focus manager looks for the next component in the focus cycle isFocusTraversable() for your component returns false so the focus skips your component.

    public void setFocusTraversable(boolean value){
        focusTraversable = value;
    }

    public boolean isFocusTraversable(){
        return focusTraversable;
    }
   
0
 

Author Comment

by:vinaykn
ID: 6416392
OH! You mean, focus manager will call the method isFocusTraversable() and basing on that returned value..it goes to next component.

I am not aware that it will call isFocusTrversable() method. Now i think i am clear.

Please confirm it what i am guessing from ur words, and take points for this . :-)
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 6416409
Yes that is correct.
0
 

Author Comment

by:vinaykn
ID: 6416442
Thanks once again for enlighten me. I believe yu sure continue in helping me..

:-):-) :-):-)
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 6427402
No worries.
Until next time :)
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