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anonymous ftp server

hello there,

i'm running Mandrake 7.2 and have just set up an anonymous ftp server.

when i tried to test if it works by "ftp localhost", i got "ftp: connect: Connection refused". I followed exactly a classic UNIX book, so i have no idea what went wrong...

your comments will be very much appreciated!

ken
(more points will be offered depends on how well you answer this question. Thanks a lot!)
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ken021600
Asked:
ken021600
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1 Solution
 
dkloesCommented:
Are there any ftp related messages in /var/log/messages?  Otherwise, we will need more information on your setup since we don't know what your reference says for ftp setup.  I am assuming you have network connectivity (i.e. ping localhost works), that the ftp server daemon has been configured, and the ftp home directory exists.  Any other information you can provide would be helpful.
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ken021600Author Commented:
Thank you for your reply. Actually I've figured it out. So now I can run it properly.
So can you ask another question which has something to do with anonymous ftp server? The 50 points will be yours if you can help me out:

why do I have to set /home/ftp directory to be owned by root and it should not be writeable by anyone? and why should the "ls" command in the /home/ftp/bin have permission 111 only?

thanks a lot,
ken
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dkloesCommented:
ls is owned by root with permissions 111 (noread, nowrite, execute).  Other commands in /home/ftp/bin should have the same permissions as well.  This allows users to execute the commands but not be able to read or write them as a security measure.

The /home/ftp directory is the "root" directory for an anonymous user.  This prevents anonymous users from going anywhere on the system except that directory.  It is owned by root with the same group as ftp.  The owner permissions are for root and group permissions are for the anonymous users.   The permissions should be 555 (read, nowrite, execute).
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ken021600Author Commented:
thanks for your reply.

"Other commands in /home/ftp/bin should have the same permissions as well.  This allows users to execute the commands but not be able to read or write them as a security measure."

but files like "/home/ftp/bin/ls" are unreadable! what damage can hackers do if i set that file to have 555 permission??
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ken021600Author Commented:
hellooo there,

can you answer my question?

thanks
ken
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dkloesCommented:
Using the principle of least privilege, why would you want to give someone more access then they need?  Unless there is a reason why you would want to give someone read permission on an executable file, don't take any chances.  
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dkloesCommented:
In addition to being able to read a file, read permission also gives permission to copy it.  All resources that I checked recommend 111 permissions on ftp bin files.  Although not expressly stated, it just makes sense to not grant permissions that are not needed.
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ken021600Author Commented:
ok, i'll give you an A and 50 points.

thanks,
ken
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dkloesCommented:
Thanx.
BTW:  You would be surprised what I have learned over the years by looking at the ASCII readable portions of an executable file.
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