correct expansion of ~ char in a bash script


I'm writing a simple bash script to back up user accounts on a Linux machine. I want to pass the user name into the script as an argument and then expand it to the full home path for the user. In other words, I want to inside the
script do something like:

cd ~user1

This style works fine in the script. However, I need to be able to pass the user name in as an argument, so I'm trying to do:

cd ~$1

This doesn't expand correctly.

How do I get the desired expansion using the argument?


Paul T.
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ahoffmannConnect With a Mentor Commented:
eval cd $dir
Years ago there used to be a program on Unix called 'glob' which would expand paths like this. It appears that this program has been subsumed into the shell in Linux, so just calling that is not an option. Instead, try these on for size. There are two different ways to do it (1 clean and simple, the other a vicious hack)....


#Version 1
#Extract the home directory for the user from the passwd file.
DIR=`cat /etc/passwd | grep $1 | awk -F: '{print $6}'`
echo Changing to: $DIR
cd $DIR

#Version 2
#This one is a hack. Create a subshell and let it expand the
#arguments for us. After expansion, it changes to the home
#directory, which we print and store back in the parent
#shell. Once the parent shell know the directory to go to
#it can just cd itself.
DIR=`bash -c "cd ~$1;pwd"`
echo Changing to: $DIR
cd $DIR

Both of these approaches work on my machine (Mandrake 7.2 running bash-2.04-12.


Putting the ~$1 like ~${1} could help. (ksh solution anyway)
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which ksh does this do?
titchenerAuthor Commented:
Thanks, that did the job.
/bin/ksh ;)

No comment...
paulqna, I meant the version, like pdksh, (AT&T) ksh
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