Solved

Not A Number - quick fix

Posted on 2001-09-03
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Last Modified: 2007-12-19
I am using GNU C++ and Borland Builder C++

I have written a program, and discovered a fault - However I do not have the time to rewrite the whole program from the ground up as it will take too long. I wish to patch the code instead.

My program sometimes returns NaN becasue it has exceeded a boundary, my idea is to use a if statement to check to see if the return value is real number.


I believe that I need to use <math.h>

I have tried using :

if ( number == NAN)
{
Do this . .. .
 }
else
{
Do that
}

However there is a compiler error NAN not declared.

Any suggestions

Cheers

Will Ryder
0
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Question by:wjryder
9 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:jkr
Comment Utility
>>if ( number == NAN)

You'd better use

if ( isnan ( number)) {
}

ans comparing doubles for equality is not a good idea. 'isnan()' is declared in 'float.h'
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Expert Comment

by:jkr
Comment Utility
BTW - what you are looking for is '_Nan', and it can be found in 'ymath.h'...
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Author Comment

by:wjryder
Comment Utility
perhaps using finite is better as it will also catch infinity problems

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Author Comment

by:wjryder
Comment Utility
Is this a Borland compatiable function ?

can't find it  in the help file
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:jkr
Comment Utility
Try to look up '_isnan()' or '_isinf()' - the functions itself are IEEE, so they should be present in any compiler with floating point support...
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Accepted Solution

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jkr earned 200 total points
Comment Utility
BTW, as you mentioned gcc also:

ISINF(3)            Linux Programmer's Manual            ISINF(3)


NAME
       isinf,  isnan,  finite - test for infinity or not-a-number
       (NaN)

SYNOPSIS
       #include <math.h>

       int isinf(double value);

       int isnan(double value);

       int finite(double value);

DESCRIPTION
       The isinf() function returns -1 if value represents  nega-
       tive  infinity,  1  if value represents positive infinity,
       and 0 otherwise.

       The isnan() function returns a non-zero value if value  is
       "not-a-number" (NaN), and 0 otherwise.

       The finite() function returns a non-zero value if value is
       neither infinite nor a "not-a-number" (NaN) value,  and  0
       otherwise.

CONFORMING TO
       BSD 4.3
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Expert Comment

by:AlexVirochovsky
Comment Utility
For BCB a bit other:
_isNAN(double d)
_isNANl(long double ld)
to check if given floating-point value for not a
number (NAN).

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Expert Comment

by:jkr
Comment Utility
Why do they have to diversify these names?

gcc: isnan()
VC:  _isnan()
BCB: _isNAN()

Hmmpf....
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Expert Comment

by:Axter
Comment Utility
>>Why do they have to diversify these names?

VC is using the correct nameing convension.
According to the standards, any function that is part of the implementation, should start with an underscore, and proceed with a lowercase letter.

The GCC compiler should not be using isnan() with out the underscore prefix.
And it makes no sence to me why BCB would want to have a function that starts with a lower case letter, and then go upercase in the last part of the name.
BCB is not breaking the standards, but it certainly using a stupid naming convention.
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