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Why there is no core file when a Segmentation fault occured!

Posted on 2001-09-09
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Last Modified: 2012-08-14
I have a program, i can debug with the core file  when a segmenttation fault occured, but how can i debug when there is no core file?
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Question by:sandy_wu
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Expert Comment

by:BlackDiamond
ID: 6472524
If you're using gdb, you can step through the program line by line to see where it bombs.  You can also use breakpoints if it is a large app (to narrow down the location).  

Also, a good practice is to write wrappers around anything that deals with memory (malloc, calloc, realloc, etc.) that do error checking and give useful errors.

If your wrappers don't catch the errors, then you can narrow it down to pointer math errors.  Then use a debugger (or print statements if you have to) to pinpoint the location in your app.
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by:sandy_wu
ID: 6473086
Thank U BlackDiamond, but what I mean is Why there is no core file when a Segmentation fault occured? and sometime it has!
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BlackDiamond earned 50 total points
ID: 6475105
Sorry, I didn't look at the question in the header.  It is probably because the core file generated would be larger than your ulimit.  Try the command "ulimit -c unlimited", and see if it generates the cores consistently.

Also, another useful program for debugging is "strace".
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Expert Comment

by:ahoffmann
ID: 6475917
use following syntax:

bash% ulimit -c unlimited
 ksh% ulimit -c unlimited
  sh% ulimit -c unlimited
tcsh% limit coredumpsize unlimited
 csh% limit coredumpsize unlimited
keep in mind that this may produce huge core files, which also may take sevaral minutes to complete
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Author Comment

by:sandy_wu
ID: 6475955
Thank U BlackDiamond, and thank U ahoffmann, both of U are right, and ahoffmann is more detail.
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