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How to Stop an KeyPressed Event in JTextField ?

Posted on 2001-09-18
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
I have inherited a TextField from com.sun.java.swing.JTextField and implements java.util.EventListener.KeyListener interface. I am trying to avoid to display a character "A" or "a", when user typed that charater. First I tried in java.awt.TextField, it worked. Then, I tried with JTextField, It didn't work. My code is:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import com.sun.java.swing.*;

public class MTextField extends JTextField implements KeyListener
{

  public MTextField()
  {
      super();
      this.addKeyListener(this);
  }

  //Implementing KeyListener Events
  public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e)
  {
        int keycode     = e.getKeyCode();
        if (keycode == 65) //Stop the event, when "a" pressed
        {
            e.setKeyCode(e.VK_CANCEL);
        }
  }

  public void keyTyped(KeyEvent e)
  {
  }

  public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e)
  {
  }
}

In the JApplet, I am using this like:

MTextField MTF = new MTextField();
this.getContentPane().add(MTF, new XYConstraints(150, 25, 200, 25));

Any Help ?

0
Comment
Question by:UU1
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9 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:Lab_Rat
ID: 6490790
Isn't it something about inheriting the event handle?
0
 
LVL 9

Accepted Solution

by:
yongsing earned 200 total points
ID: 6490940
public class MTextField extends JTextField {
 
    public MTextField(int cols) {
        super(cols);
    }
 
    protected Document createDefaultModel() {
        return new MDocument();
    }
 
    static class MDocument extends PlainDocument {
        public void insertString(int offs, String str, AttributeSet a) throws BadLocationException {
 
            if (str == null) {
                return;
            }
            StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
            for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
                char c = str.charAt(i);
                if (c != 'A' && c!= 'a') {
                    sb.append(c);
              }
            }
          super.insertString(offs, sb.toString(), a);
        }
     }
 }
0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:vbremaud
ID: 6491057
Stopping the event should work with:
  e.consume();
I remember having seen this in some codes...

hope it helps :-)
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LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:vpadma
ID: 6491504
Try This:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import com.sun.java.swing.*;

public class MTextField extends JTextField implements KeyListener
{

 public MTextField()
 {
     super();
     this.addKeyListener(this);
 }

 //Implementing KeyListener Events
 public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e)
 {
       int keycode     = e.getKeyCode();
       if (keycode == 65) //Stop the event, when "a" pressed
       {
           e.consume(); //Consumes this event so that it will not be processed in the default manner by the source which originated it.

       }
 }

 public void keyTyped(KeyEvent e)
 {
 }

 public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e)
 {
 }
}
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 6492108
There's no need to extend JTextField to implement what you require. Simply use a Document implementation as suggested by yongsing.

0
 
LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:yongsing
ID: 6492132
The Keylistener method will not work especially when you do a copy-and-paste onto the textfield.
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 6492138
Exactly, or if text is programatically added.
0
 
LVL 26

Expert Comment

by:ksivananth
ID: 6492439
what yongsing said is exactly correct.
0
 
LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Venabili
ID: 8916495
No comment has been added lately, so it's time to clean up this TA.
I will leave a recommendation in the Cleanup topic area that this question is:

- points for yongsing

Please leave any comments here within the next seven days.
 
PLEASE DO NOT ACCEPT THIS COMMENT AS AN ANSWER!
 
Venabili
EE Cleanup Volunteer
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