We help IT Professionals succeed at work.

Copying a file to a directory

amgavin
amgavin asked
on
Hi,
Anyone have any ideas how to copy a file over to a directory.
code examples would be greatly appreciated.
thanks
Comment
Watch Question

Ryan ChongSoftware Tead Lead / Business Analyst / System Analyst / Data Engineer
CERTIFIED EXPERT

Commented:
Use the FileCopy function in VB:

FileCopy Source, Destination

regards
Software Tead Lead / Business Analyst / System Analyst / Data Engineer
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Commented:
Or

Use some API codes to do the copy process which will show the copy dialog along the process:

Public Type SHFILEOPSTRUCT
    hwnd As Long
    wFunc As Long
    pFrom As String
    pTo As String
    fFlags As Integer
    fAnyOperationsAborted As Boolean
    hNameMappings As Long
    lpszProgressTitle As String
End Type

Public Declare Function SHFileOperation Lib "shell32.dll" Alias "SHFileOperationA" (lpFileOp As SHFILEOPSTRUCT)
As Long
Public Const FO_COPY = &H2
Public Const FOF_ALLOWUNDO = &H40

Public Sub CopyFileWindowsWay(SourceFile As String, DestinationFile As String)
    Dim lngReturn As Long
    Dim typFileOperation As SHFILEOPSTRUCT

    With typFileOperation
       .hwnd = 0
       .wFunc = FO_COPY
       .pFrom = SourceFile & vbNullChar & vbNullChar 'source file
       .pTo = DestinationFile & vbNullChar & vbNullChar 'destination file
       .fFlags = FOF_ALLOWUNDO
    End With

    lngReturn = SHFileOperation(typFileOperation)

    If lngReturn <> 0 Then 'Operation failed
         IsSuccess = 1
    Else 'Aborted
         If typFileOperation.fAnyOperationsAborted = True Then
              MsgBox "Operation Failed", vbCritical Or vbOKOnly
         End If
    End If
End Sub

Use like:
CopyFileWindowsWay txtSourcePath, txtTargetPath

'Hope will help.
Ryan ChongSoftware Tead Lead / Business Analyst / System Analyst / Data Engineer
CERTIFIED EXPERT

Commented:
Another example:

'This program needs a Dialog box, named CDBox1
'  (To add the Common Dialog Box to your tools menu, go to Project->Components (or press CTRL-T)
'   and select Microsoft Common Dialog control)
Private Type FILETIME
    dwLowDateTime As Long
    dwHighDateTime As Long
End Type
Private Type SHFILEOPSTRUCT
    hWnd As Long
    wFunc As Long
    pFrom As String
    pTo As String
    fFlags As Integer
    fAborted As Boolean
    hNameMaps As Long
    sProgress As String
End Type
Private Type SYSTEMTIME
    wYear As Integer
    wMonth As Integer
    wDayOfWeek As Integer
    wDay As Integer
    wHour As Integer
    wMinute As Integer
    wSecond As Integer
    wMilliseconds As Integer
End Type
Private Const GENERIC_WRITE = &H40000000
Private Const OPEN_EXISTING = 3
Private Const FILE_SHARE_READ = &H1
Private Const FILE_SHARE_WRITE = &H2
Private Const FO_DELETE = &H3
Private Declare Function CopyFile Lib "kernel32" Alias "CopyFileA" (ByVal lpExistingFileName As String, ByVal lpNewFileName As String, ByVal bFailIfExists As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function CreateDirectory Lib "kernel32" Alias "CreateDirectoryA" (ByVal lpPathName As String, lpSecurityAttributes As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function DeleteFile Lib "kernel32" Alias "DeleteFileA" (ByVal lpFileName As String) As Long
Private Declare Function GetFileSize Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hFile As Long, lpFileSizeHigh As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function GetFileTime Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hFile As Long, lpCreationTime As FILETIME, lpLastAccessTime As FILETIME, lpLastWriteTime As FILETIME) As Long
Private Declare Function MoveFile Lib "kernel32" Alias "MoveFileA" (ByVal lpExistingFileName As String, ByVal lpNewFileName As String) As Long
Private Declare Function CreateFile Lib "kernel32" Alias "CreateFileA" (ByVal lpFileName As String, ByVal dwDesiredAccess As Long, ByVal dwShareMode As Long, lpSecurityAttributes As Long, ByVal dwCreationDisposition As Long, ByVal dwFlagsAndAttributes As Long, ByVal hTemplateFile As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hObject As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function SHFileOperation Lib "shell32.dll" Alias "SHFileOperationA" (lpFileOp As SHFILEOPSTRUCT) As Long
Private Declare Function FileTimeToSystemTime Lib "kernel32" (lpFileTime As FILETIME, lpSystemTime As SYSTEMTIME) As Long
Private Declare Function FileTimeToLocalFileTime Lib "kernel32" (lpFileTime As FILETIME, lpLocalFileTime As FILETIME) As Long
Private Sub Form_Load()
    'KPD-Team 1998
    'URL: http://www.allapi.net/
    'E-Mail: KPDTeam@Allapi.net
    Dim lngHandle As Long, SHDirOp As SHFILEOPSTRUCT, lngLong As Long
    Dim Ft1 As FILETIME, Ft2 As FILETIME, SysTime As SYSTEMTIME
    'Set the dialog's title
    CDBox.DialogTitle = "Choose a file ..."
    'Raise an error when the user pressed cancel
    CDBox.CancelError = True
    'Show the 'Open File'-dialog
    CDBox.ShowOpen
    'Create a new directory
    CreateDirectory "C:\KPD-Team", ByVal &H0
    'Copy the selected file to our new directory
    CopyFile CDBox.filename, "C:\KPD-Team\" + CDBox.FileTitle, 0
    'Rename the file
    MoveFile "C:\KPD-Team\" + CDBox.FileTitle, "C:\KPD-Team\test.kpd"
    'Open the file
    lngHandle = CreateFile("C:\KPD-Team\test.kpd", GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_READ Or FILE_SHARE_WRITE, ByVal 0&, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, 0)
    'Get the file's size
    MsgBox "The size of the selected file is" + Str$(GetFileSize(lngHandle, lngLong)) + " bytes."
    'Get the fil's time
    GetFileTime lngHandle, Ft1, Ft1, Ft2
    'Convert the file time to the local file time
    FileTimeToLocalFileTime Ft2, Ft1
    'Convert the file time to system file time
    FileTimeToSystemTime Ft1, SysTime
    MsgBox "The selected file was created on" + Str$(SysTime.wMonth) + "/" + LTrim(Str$(SysTime.wDay)) + "/" + LTrim(Str$(SysTime.wYear))
    'Close the file
    CloseHandle lngHandle
    'Delete the file
    DeleteFile "C:\KPD-Team\test.kpd"
    With SHDirOp
        .wFunc = FO_DELETE
        .pFrom = "C:\KPD-Team"
    End With
    'Delete the directory
    SHFileOperation SHDirOp
    End
End Sub
These will all do what you want in one way or another
Take your pick

XCopy in VB
http://www.freevbcode.com/ShowCode.Asp?ID=2509

Copy Files Using the Shell API
http://www.freevbcode.com/ShowCode.Asp?ID=499

Copy Files Using the Win32 API
http://www.freevbcode.com/ShowCode.Asp?ID=498

Copy multiple files using ListBoxes
http://www.freevbcode.com/ShowCode.Asp?ID=1272

Easy File System Object Usage
http://www.freevbcode.com/ShowCode.Asp?ID=2383

Regards
Andrew

Commented:
Wow - so much code just to copy a file.

how about...

FileCopy source, destination

eg.

FileCopy "C:\AUTOEXEC.BAT","C:\BKUP\AUTOEXEC.BAT"

hope that helps

Gajendra
Ryan ChongSoftware Tead Lead / Business Analyst / System Analyst / Data Engineer
CERTIFIED EXPERT

Commented:
Ya, exact the same what i posted above..

Author

Commented:
Thanks ryancys
Ryan ChongSoftware Tead Lead / Business Analyst / System Analyst / Data Engineer
CERTIFIED EXPERT

Commented:
Hi amgavin,

You're welcome:)