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Posted on 2002-03-25
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what is the different between domain and workgroup??
I tried in redhat samba server and client win98, but i couldn't see the difference.
Both needs password to be able to access the samba server to share file.
Though i set samba as a domain or workgroup, i still can share file or printer.

In windowsNT or Win2000, also same even in win2000 i can share internet connection in workgroup.

Please give me the details.
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Question by:Johannes1979
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Expert Comment

by:jlevie
ID: 6894299
In the SMB world the difference between a workgroup and domain is primarily that workgroup clients use local authentication and the users log on locally and access the server(s). Clients of a domain can, like when in a workgroup, log on locally, but typically they will not have local accounts and use the domain controller for authentication. There are other differences between a workgroup and a domain, like logon scripts, domain replication, etc.

As far as Linux/Unix is concerned, all SMB users must have Linux/Unix accounts in order to have access rights to the server's file system. And since the encryption method used in the SMB protocols is different from that of Linux two forms of the user's password must be available. One encrypted using the SMB scheme and one encrypted with Linux's scheme.
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by:kannabis
ID: 6894432
Do you have an WinNT server on your LAN already?  If you do have an NT server on there already.....the samba box with DOMAIN will basically replace your entire WinNT box with linux and you would never know the difference.  

With the workgroup model...you don't need a password to access things on shared drives etc,.

this is a rather simple explanation, but for most people, WORKGROUP is fine, if you want real authentication, then use DOMAIN.
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by:Johannes1979
ID: 6898402
kannabis: With the workgroup model...you don't need a password to access things on shared drives etc,.

yes, I need a password to be able to access the samba resource. And i don't have any NT box.


Then what about the lokkit command?? Though i already set it to medium security for the firewall, sometimes i have to reset it again when i restart or reconfigure the samba daemon
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jlevie earned 400 total points
ID: 6898474
kannabis is wrong about not needing valid username/passwords for Workgroups. Whether or not authentication is required to access a share is determined by how the share is set up. You can have 'open' shares when using workgroups or domains.

I don't use lokkit, preferring to directly edit the firewall rulesets, but if the settings don't persist across a reboot then it must not be saving your changes. You can check to see if that's the caswe by looking at /etc/sysconfig/ipchains before and after using lokkit.
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