sql query

Posted on 2002-05-06
Last Modified: 2010-05-02
I hava a table in Microsoft Access.
The table name is real_progress.
Below is the structure + value of the table.

Now,i'd like to write a sql query to get the Sheet_No whereby this Sheet_No is the
LAST record for that month.
So,the result i expect is 110,145,170 and 200

Meanwhile,i manage to get this result using 2 loops.But i wonder can i done this in a faster way?

Dim query as String
Dim query1 as String
Dim m as Integer
Set rs = New ADODB.Recordset
Set rs1 = New ADODB.Recordset

query = "select distinct Month(Date) as month_temp from real_progress where Student_ID=100 order by Month(Date)"
Set rs = cn.Execute(query)
If Not rs.EOF Then
    Do While Not rs.EOF
        m = rs("month_temp")
        query1 = "select Sheet_No from real_progress where Student_ID=100 and Month(Date) = " & m & " order by Date desc"
        Set rs1 = cn.Execute(query1)
        If Not rs1.EOF Then
         Debug.Print m & "<>" & rs1("Sheet_No")
        End If
     Set rs1 = Nothing
    MsgBox "no record"
    Exit Sub
End If
Set rs = Nothing

Thank You in advance.

Question by:boyyle
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LVL 43

Expert Comment

ID: 6993535
You should be able to do this in a single statement:

Select Max(Sheet_No) As Sheet_No From Real_Progress Where Student_ID = 100 Group By Month(Date) Order By Month(Date)
LVL 18

Expert Comment

ID: 6993680
the above seems ok if sheet number always increases as date increases.  otherwise I could only come up with

FROM real_progress AS temp
WHERE temp.sheet_no IN  (Select val(mid(buffo,9)) from (select left(fiddle,6), max(fiddle) as buffo from  (Select format(Year(date) ,"0000") + format(month(date),"00") + format(day(date),"00") + cstr(Sheet_No) as fiddle from real_progress where student_id = 100) group by  left(fiddle,6)))

Accepted Solution

pjbaratelli earned 50 total points
ID: 7009775
Here is a single statement that should do what you want. I substituted Date_Time for Date as it is a key word.

SELECT     Date_Time, Sheet_No, Student_ID
FROM  answer
WHERE (Date_Time IN (SELECT MAX(Date_Time) AS Date_Time
FROM answer
WHERE Student_ID = 100
GROUP BY MONTH(Date_Time), Student_ID)) AND (Student_ID = 100)

The second select statement by itself can list all the Student_IDs and the MAX Date_Time for each student if you remove the WHERE clause.

SELECT MAX(Date_Time) AS Date_Time,Student_ID
FROM answer
GROUP BY MONTH(Date_Time), Student_ID

Expert Comment

ID: 7018686
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