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color row in JTable

Posted on 2002-05-12
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Last Modified: 2011-09-20
How to color programatically groups of rows to group visually and differentiate between them in a JTable.

I mean, color gray two of them, then color white the next 3, or 4 or just one, then ...etc, etc.
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Question by:eov
3 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

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yongsing earned 200 total points
ID: 7005080
This is an example of a table cell renderer. It extends the DefaultTableCellRenderer. What it does is to set a cell's background to gray if it is on an odd row, and to white if it is on an even row. If a cell is selected, then its background color will stay as the default. In all cases, the foreground of the cell is the default color. If a cell has the focus, then its border is set to the default border.

class MyTableCellRenderer extends DefaultTableCellRenderer {
 public Component getTableCellRendererComponent(
   JTable table, Object value, boolean isSelected,
   boolean hasFocus, int row, int column) {
    setOpaque(true);
    setText(value.toString());

    // set cell's foreground to default cell foreground color
    setForeground(table.getForeground());

    // if cell is selected, set background color to default cell selection background color
    if (isSelected) {
      setBackground(table.getSelectionBackground());
    }

    // otherwise, set cell background color to our custom color
    else {
       // set odd rows background to gray
       if (row % 2 == 0) {
         setBackground(Color.GRAY);
       }

       // set even rows background to white
       else {
         setBackground(Color.WHITE);
       }
    }

    // draw border on cell if it has focus
    if (hasFocus) {
      setBorder( UIManager.getBorder("Table.focusCellHighlightBorder") );
    }

    // position cell text at center
    setHorizontalAlignment(SwingConstants.CENTER);

    return this;
 }
}


As an example of its use, first we create an instance of our table cell renderer:

MyTableCellRenderer tableCellRenderer = new MyTableCellRenderer();

Then we set the renderer to all the columns in the table (assume total of 5 columns):

for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
 // get each table column
 TableColumn tableColumn = myTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(i);

 // set our own table cell renderer for each table column.
 tableColumn.setCellRenderer(tableCellRenderer);
}
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Expert Comment

by:cini_gm
ID: 7005264
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Author Comment

by:eov
ID: 7019856
Thanks with minor changes I adapted it to my problem
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