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Creating a dbfield in Access with VB

Posted on 2002-05-16
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Last Modified: 2010-05-02
I have a mdb database/table that I would like to change a bit. I need to create a new field and define it as a counter. I can create all other types of fields but not the counter type. I use this code:
AppendField tdfArtiklar, "APPEND", "Http", dbText, 80
to create textfield named Http and length 80, please tell me how the code should look like for a counter field.
(Note: Appendfield is of cause a sub)
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Question by:soft4u
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LVL 71

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 7013486
using what? DAO? ADO?

have a look at
http://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/Q.20146826.html
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LVL 71

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 7013504
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Author Comment

by:soft4u
ID: 7013558
.Fields("ID").Attributes = dbAutoIncrField
It's OK to create the field but this line is creating en error no. RTE 3219, not allowed
(I'm using DAO)
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LVL 71

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 7013559
your field needs to be numeric.
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Author Comment

by:soft4u
ID: 7013889
How do I make field numeric?
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LVL 71

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 7013985
something like      
.Fields.Append .CreateField("IntegerField", dbInteger)
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Author Comment

by:soft4u
ID: 7015624
Still the same error, below is the sub that should work. It seems it's a problem with changing the attribute and that the method isn't allowed.

Sub AppendX()

    Dim dbsQSart As Database
    Dim tdfArtiklar As TableDef

    Set dbsQSart = OpenDatabase("c:\af99\data\lista0.mdb")
    Set tdfArtiklar = dbsQSart.TableDefs!artiklar
   
    With tdfArtiklar
    .Fields.Append .CreateField("ID", dbInteger, 10)
   
    MsgBox .Fields("ID").Attributes 'just to see attribute

    .Fields("ID").Attributes = dbAutoIncrField 'this    
    line generates the error
   
    End With

    dbsQSart.Close

End Sub
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Accepted Solution

by:
Éric Moreau earned 800 total points
ID: 7015890
I just discovered something: you cannot add an autonumber field using this syntax to an already existing table. This syntax is only working when you create a new table (see Command2_Click).

I found an workaround that will work with existing tables even if they are containing data (see Command1_Click).

Option Explicit

Private Sub Command1_Click()
Dim db As Database
Dim stSQLstr As String
   Set db = OpenDatabase("c:\temp\nwind.mdb")
    stSQLstr = "alter TABLE [Customers] add column emroeauid  COUNTER "
    db.Execute stSQLstr

End Sub

Private Sub Command2_Click()

   Dim db As Database
   Set db = OpenDatabase("c:\temp\nwind.mdb")


Dim tb As TableDef
Dim IDX As Index
Set tb = db.CreateTableDef("MyTableName")
'add fields like this
tb.Fields.Append tb.CreateField("MyField", dbText)
tb.Fields("MyField").AllowZeroLength = True 'if u want

'********
'Optional for add a primary key field to "myTableName" Table
tb.Fields.Append tb.CreateField("ForPrim", dbLong)
tb.Fields("ForPrim").Attributes = dbAutoIncrField
Set IDX = tb.CreateIndex("IDXforPrim")
IDX.Fields.Append tb.CreateField("ForPrim")
IDX.Primary = True
tb.Indexes.Append IDX
'************
'now u add the tb table to your .mdb file
db.TableDefs.Append tb

End Sub


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