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Recycle Bin

Posted on 2002-05-20
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Last Modified: 2010-04-04
Couple of questions actually but they're all Recycle Bin related so tough:

1. How do I go about emptying the Recycle Bin in code under Win 9X AND NT?
2. How do I find out details of what's IN the Recycle Bin (i.e. no files, sizes etc.)?

Anybody got any ideas?

The Neil =:)
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Question by:TheNeil
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19 Comments
 
LVL 17

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by:inthe
ID: 7021100
hi,
from paq:

to empty recycle bin use :

{$EXTERNALSYM SHEmptyRecycleBin}
function SHEmptyRecycleBin(hwnd: HWND; pszRootPath: PChar; dwFlags: DWord): HResult; stdcall;

const
SHERB_NOCONFIRMATION = 1;
SHERB_NOPROGRESSUI = 2;
SHERB_NOSOUND = 4;

implementation

{$R *.DFM}

{$EXTERNALSYM SHEmptyRecycleBin}
function SHEmptyRecycleBin; external 'shell32.dll' name 'SHEmptyRecycleBinA';

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
SHEmptyRecycleBin(Application.Handle, nil, SHERB_NOCONFIRMATION);
end;



i havent got listing files to work properly before but i remember someone posting some code here once that was half way there ..

listening for fursther info myself :)
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Author Comment

by:TheNeil
ID: 7021141
Weeeellllll, that looks suspciously like code that supposedly works under Win 9X but under NT I get 'Unable to find SHEmptyRecycleBinA in Shell32.dll' when I run it

Sorry =:(
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by:bruintje
ID: 7021152
Hi TheNeil, Inthe

found some API calls utilized in vb (sorry)

http://www.mvps.org/vbnet/index.html?code/system/shrecycle.htm
http://www.mvps.org/vbnet/code/shell/shfileopadv.htm

Hope that you can use some of it, since the calls should be essentially the same

:O)Bruintje
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Author Comment

by:TheNeil
ID: 7021335
Hi Bruintje,

Just as with InThe's answer I get the same 'Unable to find <X> in Shell32.dll' error when I run the code. Under Win 9X this might be fine but this has got to work under NT as well and as that's what I'm working under today, it's a none starter

Good suggestion though

The Neil =:(
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Accepted Solution

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bruintje earned 100 total points
ID: 7021376
It may be a version problem. From MSDN:

Requirements
  Version 4.71 and later of Shell32.dll

  Windows NT/2000: Requires Windows 2000 (or Windows NT 4.0 with Internet Explorer 4.0 or later)..

  Windows 95/98: Requires Windows 98 (or Windows 95 with Internet Explorer 4.0 or later)..

:O)Bruintje
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by:ginsonic
ID: 7021698
Couple times ago I played with recycle bin folder.

function SHQueryRecycleBin(pszrtootpath:pchar;QUERYRBINFO:pshqueryrbinfo):integer;stdcall;
external 'shell32' name 'SHQueryRecycleBinA';

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var rbinfo:SHQUERYRBINFO;
begin
  rbinfo.cbSize:=sizeof(rbinfo);
  rbinfo.i64Size:=0;
  rbinfo.i64NumItems:=0;
  SHQueryRecycleBin('C:\',@rbinfo);
  Label1.Caption:=intTostr(  rbinfo.cbSize);
  Label2.Caption:=inttostr ( rbinfo.i64Size  );
  Label3.Caption:=inttostr(   Rbinfo.i64NumItems);
end;

Label1 mean size of structure
Label2 mean size of recycle bin
Label3 mean number of items

Tested now under XP Pro .
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Expert Comment

by:ginsonic
ID: 7021728
Then I was able to read the each file name and the original location but look like XP have changed the structure of Info2 file .
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Expert Comment

by:inthe
ID: 7022272
i was suprised as its working here on nt no problems then i seen Bruintje  comments ,without a version of shell32.dll newer than 4.71 i dont know how your supposed to empty it,the ie4 active desktop update will update it to 4.71 if you want to install it (if you can still get it :)
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by:Lee_Nover
ID: 7022642
interesting :)
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Expert Comment

by:Slick812
ID: 7023149
I tried the SHEmptyRecycleBin( ) and it worked on one puter and not on another, but I forget which OS versions.
Here's some code that I have used to get the contents of the recycle and I added a contex menu delete to it.


implementation

{$R *.DFM}

uses ShlObj, ComObj, ActiveX;

procedure TForm1.sbut_EmptyReClick(Sender: TObject);
var
DeskFolder, RecycleBin: IShellFolder;
RecycleIDL, NextId: PItemIDList;
OleR: HResult;
ShellMalloc: IMalloc;
EnumList: IENUMIDLIST;
IsThere: ULONG;
PIidListA: Array of Pointer;
IdListNum: Cardinal;
i: Integer;
StrRet: TStrRet;
FileName1: String;
Pstr: PChar;
CmInfo: CMINVOKECOMMANDINFO;
ContextMenu: IContextMenu;
begin
IdListNum := 1;
if (ShGetMalloc(ShellMalloc) = S_OK) and (ShellMalloc <> nil) then
  begin
  OleCheck(SHGetDesktopFolder(DeskFolder));
  OleCheck(SHGetSpecialFolderLocation(Application.Handle, CSIDL_BITBUCKET, RecycleIDL));
  DeskFolder.BindToObject(RecycleIDL, nil, IShellFolder, RecycleBin);
  if RecycleIDL <> nil then
    ShellMalloc.Free(RecycleIDL);
  OleR := RecycleBin.EnumObjects(Application.Handle, SHCONTF_FOLDERS or SHCONTF_NONFOLDERS or SHCONTF_INCLUDEHIDDEN, EnumList);
  if SUCCEEDED(OleR) then
    begin //OleR
    ListBox1.Clear;
    while (EnumList.Next(1, NextId, IsThere)=S_OK) do
      begin //while
      if IsThere > 0 then
        begin // IsThere
        RecycleBin.GetDisplayNameOf(NextId, SHGDN_NORMAL, StrRet);
        case StrRet.uType of
          STRRET_CSTR: SetString(FileName1, StrRet.cStr, lStrLen(StrRet.cStr));
          STRRET_OFFSET:
            begin
            Pstr := @NextId.mkid.abID[StrRet.uOffset - SizeOf(NextId.mkid.cb)];
            SetString(FileName1, Pstr, NextId.mkid.cb - StrRet.uOffset);
            end;
          STRRET_WSTR: FileName1 := StrRet.pOleStr;
          end;
        ListBox1.Items.Add(FileName1);
        {the FileName1 will have the file in the recycle}
        SetLength(PIidListA,IdListNum);
        PIidListA[IdListNum-1] := NextId;
        Inc(IdListNum);
        end; //IsThere
      end; // while
    if IdListNum > 1 then
    try
      OleR := RecycleBin.GetUIObjectOf(Application.Handle, IdListNum-1, PItemIDList(PIidListA[0]), IID_IContextMenu, nil, ContextMenu);
      if SUCCEEDED(OleR) then
        begin
        FillChar(CmInfo, SizeOf(CmInfo), 0);
        with CmInfo do
          begin
          cbSize:= sizeof (CMINVOKECOMMANDINFO);
          fMask:= 0;
          hwnd:= Application.Handle;
          lpVerb:= PChar('delete');
          lpParameters:= nil;
          lpDirectory:= nil;
          nShow:= SW_SHOWDEFAULT;
          dwHotKey:= 0;
          hIcon:= 0;
          end;

        ContextMenu.InvokeCommand(CmInfo);
        {this does the Recycle Context menu Delete}
        end;
   finally
   if IdListNum > 1 then
   for i := 0 to High(PIidListA) do
   ShellMalloc.Free(PIidListA[i]);
   end;
   end; // OleR
  end;

end;

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
it may could be optimized some, but it worked for me. If it's unclear, ask questions.
Wes
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Expert Comment

by:Madshi
ID: 7023345
Wow, Wes, I'm surprised to see such complicated code without any memory/resource leak, well done! That's not what I'm used to see here...   :-)

Regards, Madshi.

P.S: Nothing precious to add to all the comments here...
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Author Comment

by:TheNeil
ID: 7023449
Bruintje

The out of date DLL looks to be the root of the problem BUT how do I update it? Under NT it won't let me and even though I'm using IE 5.5 (and re-sinstalled it to make sure) on NT4 (service pack 6), Shell32.dll stubbornly stays at version 4.00 (which explains why it can't find entry points for the Recycle Bin routines) - Any ideas?

The Neil =:)
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Author Comment

by:TheNeil
ID: 7023462
Bruintje

The out of date DLL looks to be the root of the problem BUT how do I update it? Under NT it won't let me and even though I'm using IE 5.5 (and re-sinstalled it to make sure) on NT4 (service pack 6), Shell32.dll stubbornly stays at version 4.00 (which explains why it can't find entry points for the Recycle Bin routines) - Any ideas?

The Neil =:)
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Expert Comment

by:Madshi
ID: 7023467
Only IE4 had the option to update the shell. IE5 and IE6 don't have this option anymore...   :-/

Read it here:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/shellcc/platform/shell/programmersguide/versions.asp

Regards, Madshi.
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by:Madshi
ID: 7023485
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by:alanwhincup
ID: 7023624
Am not sure about this but could'nt you just delete the files from the folder C:\Recycled or whichever the drive is if you don't have a version of shell32.dll newer than 4.71

I seem to remember having to do something like this a while back. It should work as long as the recycle bin is setup to recycle files.
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by:alanwhincup
ID: 7023632
Also just found a link which may be of interest to you:

http://www.efg2.com/Lab/Library/Delphi/IO/Files.htm
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Author Comment

by:TheNeil
ID: 7023739
Bruintje

This is definitely the answer and it seems that the IT people where I work made sure that Shell32.dll was always reset to v4.00 on reboot so even installing/replacing it wouldn't add the recycle bin functionality. Why they do this I don't know but what I do know is that this works now (after much shouting)

Thanks for everyone's help

The Neil =:)
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Expert Comment

by:bruintje
ID: 7026295
Wow, thank you very much and all the others for contributing.....learned a lot again just for hopping in
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