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how to subtract decimal????

Posted on 2002-05-27
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Last Modified: 2008-02-26
hi guys!!!!

i had a program that subtract two double variable.here's my code:



import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class Try
{

        public static void main(String argv[])
    {
            Frame fr = new Frame();
            fr.pack();
            fr.setVisible(true);

            Panel panel = new Panel();

            final TextField tf1 = new TextField(15);
            final TextField tf2 = new TextField(15);

            final Button subtract = new Button("Minus");
            Button clear = new Button("Clear");
            subtract.addActionListener(new ActionListener()
            {
               public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
               {
                         if (e.getSource() == subtract)
                         {
                              double a = new Double(tf1.getText()).doubleValue();
                              double b = new Double(tf2.getText()).doubleValue();

                              System.out.println(a-b);
                         }
               }

          });

            panel.add(tf1);
            panel.add(tf2);
            panel.add(subtract);
            panel.add(clear);

            fr.add(panel);
       }//End of main

       }


OUTPUT:

TF1 = 50.56
TF2 = 25
DIFFERENCE = 25.560000000000002


how would i make it so that it will only return 25.26???

thanks in advance!!!




0
Comment
Question by:rdy1437
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15 Comments
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 7036647
That's simply a rounding error resulting from floating point arithmetic. If you need to avoid this then use the BigDecimal class, or simply format your output to two decimal places.
0
 

Author Comment

by:rdy1437
ID: 7036689
can you provide sample code for this??
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 7036709
BigDecimal a = new BigDecimal("50.56");
BigDecimal b = new BigDecimal("25");
BigDecimal c = a.subtract(b);
System.out.println(c);


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LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 7036713
Floating point numbers are only an approximation (albeit quite an accurate one).
0
 
LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:girionis
ID: 7036722
 There is also an excellent tutorial on BigDecimal: http://www.javaworld.com/javaworld/jw-06-2001/jw-0601-cents.html
0
 
LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:vogen
ID: 7039576
// rdy1437, here is the solution:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.text.DecimalFormat;

public class Try
{
     public static void main(String argv[])
  {
       Frame fr = new Frame();
    fr.pack();
    fr.setVisible(true);
    Panel panel = new Panel();

    final TextField tf1 = new TextField(15);
    final TextField tf2 = new TextField(15);

    final Button subtract = new Button("Minus");
    Button clear = new Button("Clear");
    subtract.addActionListener(new ActionListener()
    {
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
     {
      DecimalFormat twoDigits = new DecimalFormat( "0.00" );
      if (e.getSource() == subtract)
      {
        double a = new Double(tf1.getText()).doubleValue();
        double b = new Double(tf2.getText()).doubleValue();
                 double result =(double) a - (double) b;
                    System.out.println( twoDigits.format(result) );
      }
   }
   });
   panel.add(tf1);
   panel.add(tf2);
   panel.add(subtract);
   panel.add(clear);
   fr.add(panel);
   }//End of main
}
0
 
LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:vogen
ID: 7039589
DecimalFormat object that is initialized with the string "0.00". Each 0 is a format flag that specifies a required digit position in the formatted floating-point number.

pls ask if have any question..

cheers
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 7040541
vogen,

1. Please avoid proposing answers as it locks the question and make it harder for other experts to contribute.

2. I had already suggested the option of using formatting.
0
 

Author Comment

by:rdy1437
ID: 7040694
thanks guys for your comments.i already used the comment made by objects...
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 7040714
Good to hear it helped :-)
Can you accept my comment as an answer then please.
0
 
LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:vogen
ID: 7043053
solly, i was only trying to help.. ::(
0
 

Author Comment

by:rdy1437
ID: 7043417
hey objects how can i give you the points?
0
 
LVL 92

Accepted Solution

by:
objects earned 150 total points
ID: 7043427
reject the proposed answer, and accept my comment as an answer :)
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 7043547
0
 
LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:vogen
ID: 7043677
I spent my time and this is what I get
it's not fair
thanks anyway
0

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