For Crin--handling class messages

I'm currently trying to work out a strategy for dealing with user-defined error messages occurring inside a user control, and I'm looking for advice.

Crin, since BirdsOfFire1 gave me what probably should be your points, I will offer this to you, although other experts with wwrthy ideas will also get points.

The idea is this:
I have a user control with a combobox and a command button entitled add.

The combobox lists item-IDs in a database, and when the user clicks Add, a new form appears that lets the user add a new record.

Since the database is not random-access, the user must define the ID.

If the ID is a duplicate, I intercept it during the add process and indicate that I will be appending a digit to make it unique.

---
Recently, I was told that I should offer the user the option to replace the existing record, ignore the add, or insert a new record.

Since the ID verification process is occurring inside the function that checks the ID and returns a new-unqiue-ID, what's the best way to pass back a message to the calling routine(s) so that these routines can figure out how to handle this situation?
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rspahitzAsked:
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CrinConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Hi,

Ok, if the function expected should NOT be placed within any class the you can use user defined type variable.
In class module you can add additional class property to appropriate value and then read it.

To do user defined type crete new project and add module, further code is obvious:

This goes for module:
----------------------------------------------------
Public Type ReturnValue
  ID As Long
  Message As Long
End Type


Public Function Check(ID As Long) As ReturnValue

If ID = 0 Then
  Check.ID = 1
  Check.Message = 0
Else
  Check.ID = ID
  Check.Message = 1
End If

End Function


And this - for some form with Command1 button on it:
----------------------------------------------------
Private Sub Command1_Click()
Dim a As New Class1, FuncResult As ReturnValue

FuncResult = a.Check(1)

If FuncResult.Message = 0 Then
  MsgBox "Error occured"
Else
  MsgBox "No error found" & FuncResult.ID
End If

End Sub

This is really more adequate way to handle numerous results passing from one function.
Ask for more details if needed.

Sincerely,
Crin



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soferstamCommented:
public event NewID(sID as string)
...
raise event NewID ("Your ID")
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rspahitzAuthor Commented:
That's good soferstam, but I want the event to be captured from within the control.  This may not be the best choice in the long run, but since there is a need to handle the event both within and outside the control, and all the current code is within, I'd like to simply find a new place within the control to put the message besides the sub-sub-sub-function.  I guess that technically I need to subclass some of this, but I don't want to begin that at this stage in the development cycle.
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CrinCommented:
Hi,

If I understood right you need return more than two parameters from the function - one for new ID and second - for the message.

soferstam is quite correct about RaiseEvent, it will fire appropriate routine in all "subscribed"  modules and classes which has defined this class variable using WithEvents keyword.

However, if you only have to get second value I'd perform it in other way - by passing some variable using ByRef.

Function VerifyID(ID as long, ByRef Message as long) as long

If ID is incorrect then
  VerifyID = newID
  Message = 1
else
  VerifyID = ID
  Message = 2
end if

end function


Sub Caller()
Dim Ret as long, ID as long, tmpID as long

ID = GetIDfromTheForm

SomeActions(SomeParameters)

tmpID = VerifyID(ID, Ret)

Select case Ret
  Case 1 'incorrect ID
     AppropriateActions1

  Case 1 'incorrect ID
     AppropriateActions2

End Select

End sub


Actually, I didn't quite understand the issue, so would you please explain with more details the GOAL you want to achieve?

Sincerely,
Crin
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rspahitzAuthor Commented:
GOAL:
Have a subprocedure return a value from a calculation.  If an error occurs during the calculation, also return that.

I guess what I'm looking for is soemthing like the error object...how does VB handle that?  And how would you handle it from within a user-control?

Note: I was considering using a ByRef to return a value, but it goes against the very nature of a function which, by definition, returns a single value, and I'm trying to do things "right."
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rspahitzAuthor Commented:
That UDT worked quite well in VB6.

I guess .net will probably change everything, but I'll worry about that in 6 months!

Thanks.
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CrinCommented:
I bet UDT will not change, except one good ability - to use them within classes, for VB6 it is restricted...

Sincerely,
Crin
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