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read a file and replace certain lines

Posted on 2002-06-13
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Last Modified: 2010-08-05
All,

How would I read through a file and replace lines that contain a certain word?

e.g.

The following test file is in existence

name,  age,  interests
bill,  30 ,  Football
Mark,  15 ,  Computers
Jill,  10 ,  Nothing!

If I wanted to loop through this file and replace the line containing Mark's age and interests with something else how would I go about that?

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Question by:cyrobinson
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5 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:ahoffmann
ID: 7075402
perl -i.bak -pe 's/Mark/whatever/' file
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Expert Comment

by:rj2
ID: 7076439
If you want to change Marks age to 35 and his interests to Women, you could try sample below.
Just paste the line into a DOS prompt. Change filename from data.txt to correct filename in your system.

perl -i.bak -pe "s/Mark,(\s*)\d*(\s*),(\s*)\w*/Mark,\1\Q35\E\2,\3Women/" data.txt

If you don't need to preserve the spaces you could try the somewhat simpler line below instead.

perl -i.bak -pe "s/Mark,.*/Mark,35,Women/" data.txt

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Author Comment

by:cyrobinson
ID: 7079974
i was more wanting to loop over each line of an input file from within a perl script and modify each line like that
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Accepted Solution

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rj2 earned 200 total points
ID: 7080182
The one-liner above does that.
But here it is like a regular script (not one-liner)

#!/usr/bin/perl
use strict;

my($file)="data.txt";
my($backupfile)="data.bak";

unlink($backupfile);
rename($file,$backupfile);
open(INFILE,$backupfile);
open(OUTFILE,">$file");
while(<INFILE>) {          
     s/Mark,(\s*)\d*(\s*),(\s*)\w*/Mark,\1\Q35\E\2,\3Women/;    
     print OUTFILE $_;
}
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:ahoffmann
ID: 7080190
>  was more wanting to loop over each line of an input file from within a perl script and modify each line like that

This is exactly what my suggestion does :-)
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