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Excel export delimiter

Posted on 2002-07-04
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
I have a situation where a user wants to type information into columns within a spreadsheet and that information needs to be saved as a csv file.

This is easy, however, I need to change the delimiter to be a + char instead of a , char for reasons of the importation of the csv file into another system.

How do I do this?

Thanks,

Emma
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Question by:ems_place
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14 Comments
 
LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:deighton
Comment Utility
how about this, it changes the comma separators, but leaves commas within quotes marks

Private Sub SwapSeperator()
Dim bOn As Boolean
Dim b() As Byte
Dim c As Long

Open "c:\download\gram.csv" For Binary As #1
ReDim b(LOF(1) - 1)
Get #1, , b

For c = 0 To UBound(b)
    If Chr(b(c)) = """" Then
        bOn = Not bOn
        ElseIf Not bOn And Chr(b(c)) = "," Then
        b(c) = Asc("+")
    End If
Next
   
Open "c:\download\gram2.csv" For Binary As #2

Put #2, , b

Close #1, #2

End Sub
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Expert Comment

by:Richie_Simonetti
Comment Utility
What about this:

Private Sub Form_Load()
Dim sContents As String
Dim ff As Integer

ff = FreeFile
Open "c:\dmyfile.csv" For Input As #ff
    strcontents = Input(LOF(ff), 1)
Close #ff
strcontents = Replace(strcontents, ",", "+", , , vbTextCompare)

Open "c:\dmyfile.csv" For Output As #ff
    Print #ff, strcontents
Close #ff
End Sub
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Expert Comment

by:bruintje
Comment Utility
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LVL 16

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by:Richie_Simonetti
Comment Utility
Great code but you need to manage too much (to me) excel objects to do a simple job, isn't it?
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Expert Comment

by:bruintje
Comment Utility
Hi Richie,

this is a solution completely from within, and i guess you could simply optimize that code for this specific situation without having to deal with path's file checks or whatsoever.....if you're already in excel why not use it?

:O)Bruintje
(of course just pluggin the excel code ;) )

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Expert Comment

by:glass_cookie
Comment Utility
Hi!

How about this (esp. if you're using VB5 rather than VB6):

Dim i As Integer, str As String

i = InStr(1, str, ",")

While i <> 0
Mid$(str, i, 1) = "+"
i = InStr(i + 1, Text1.Text, ",")
Wend

'Save the str variable
'...

Simply open the file in binary, load the entire content into str, use the above code, then write str back to the file and save it : )

That's it!

glass cookie : )
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Expert Comment

by:kcm76
Comment Utility
***This is easy, however, I need to change the delimiter to be a + char instead of a , char for reasons of the importation of the csv file into another system.***



if i've properly understood, after generating the csv file(with delimiter) u want to change the "," with "+", is it not? in that case, simply open the text file in a Editor, NoteTablight or VisualInterdev--select all--find "," --replace with-- "+".

otherwise, what did i miss?.


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Author Comment

by:ems_place
Comment Utility
Hmm, you're nearly there but a couple of the Excel fields are descriptions that may contain ',' and therefore doing a global replace will change the commas within the descriptions and then the resulting csv file will get very mixed up thinking it has new fields starting when it hasn't.

Is there no way of saying:

Export this Excel file to a csv and set the delimiter to a +
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Expert Comment

by:kcm76
Comment Utility
try this,

open access database and import the excel sheet. once u imported into access table export the same. there it will ask for delimiter. give "+" there.


KCM

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Expert Comment

by:kcm76
Comment Utility
The above one is my **PROPOSED ANSWER**
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Expert Comment

by:bruintje
Comment Utility
***Export this Excel file to a csv and set the delimiter to a + ***

already posted
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Accepted Solution

by:
MartijnB earned 200 total points
Comment Utility
Hi,

You do not need to write code to parse or change the file.
You can use the "Microsoft Text Driver" to import and export information from any office application.

To tell Excel / Access / any app using this driver how to format the .csv file, you can create a schema.ini file.
All information about this configuration file is here:

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q210001
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q210073

In the .ini you change the delimiter and Excel will do the job for you AND other applications can still read the file.

Martijn
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Expert Comment

by:DanRollins
Comment Utility
Hi ems_place,
It appears that you have forgotten this question. I will ask Community Support to close it unless you finalize it within 7 days. I will ask a Community Support Moderator to:

    Accept MartijnB's comment(s) as an answer.
    *** the only suggestion that will work with fileds containing embedded commas

ems_place, if you think your question was not answered at all or if you need help, just post a new comment here; Community Support will help you.  DO NOT accept this comment as an answer.

EXPERTS: If you disagree with that recommendation, please post an explanatory comment.
==========
DanRollins -- EE database cleanup volunteer
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Expert Comment

by:Computer101
Comment Utility
Comment from expert accepted as answer

Computer101
E-E Admin
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